A 2 cm x 2 cm bone defect with exposed periosteum was covered with transposition flap from occipital area of scalp (based on superficial temporal
and retroauricular artery) [Figure 2].
The pulsation of the carotid and superficial temporal
arteries was normal bilaterally.
 The surgical revascularisation method used for treatment of Moyamoya disease is usually direct like Superficial Temporal
Artery (STA) to Middle Cerebral Artery (MCA), (STA-MCA) bypass or indirect type like Encephaloduroarteriosynangiosis (EDAS), encephalomyosynangiosis (EMS) or encephalomyoarteriosynangiosis (EMAS).
MRI neck angiography demonstrated the feeding arteries from superficial temporal
artery, internal maxillary and middle meningeal arteries and also dilated tortuous veins [Figure 4(a) 4(b)].
(10) recommended an alternative method involving the introduction of the needle 1 cm superior to the level of the tragus and posterior to the superficial temporal
artery, and decreasing the volume of the local anaesthetic agent to 3 mL.
4D-CTA sequential dynamic images without and with bone subtraction (Figure 2) showed hypertrophied superficial temporal
and occipital arteries feeding the meningioma on the arterial phase.
artery (STA) to middle cerebral artery (MCA) anastomosis is a surgical procedure of direct revascularization to improve cerebral blood flow and potentially prevent brain infarction for patients with stenoocclusive cerebrovascular diseases .
The retromandibular vein (RMV) is formed by the union of superficial temporal
vein and maxillary vein and descends in the substance of the parotid gland.
The walls of both ICA (Figure 2(c)), the left temporal artery (TA), and the right VA (Figure 2(d)) were thickened with contrast enhancement, so were the walls of the superficial temporal
arteries (Figure 2(e)).
The nerve crosses over the hind part of the zygomatic arch posterior to the superficial temporal
artery (Figure 1(b) and Table 1).
The external auditory canal receives its blood supply from the postauricular and superficial temporal
arteries laterally and from the deep auricular artery medially.
The ramus parietalis-ramus frontalis division of the superficial temporal
artery was defined, a 2 cm skin incision was performed and advanced until the temporal fascia dissecting the subcutaneous tissues.