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An isothiocyanate phytochemical present—after conversion from glucoraphanin by myroinase—in cruciferous vegetables (e.g., Brussels sprouts, broccoli, cabbage), which has anticarcinogenic, antimicrobial and antidiabetic activity in experimental systems. 
It stimulates the production of phase-2 enzymes that play a role in detoxifying carcinogens; in rats, sulphoraphane reduces the incidence of mammary tumours induced by dimethylbenzanthracene (DMBA).
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.


, sulphoraphane (sŭl-fŏr′ă-fān″) [″ + Gr. phainein, to show],


A sulfur-containing compound found in vegetables of the mustard family (Cruciferae). Like other isothiocyanates, it has been shown to prevent cancer in animals.
Medical Dictionary, © 2009 Farlex and Partners
References in periodicals archive ?
Evidence indicates that sulphoraphane has beneficial effects such as reducing chronic inflammation, stopping uncontrolled cell division associated with early-stage cancer, and boosting the body's antioxidants.
In the presence of sulphoraphane, the NRF2 pathway was boosted and the macrophages' ability to engulf bacteria was restored.
Scientists now believe a chemical in broccoli called sulphoraphane interacts with cells lacking a key anti-tumour gene to keep prostate cancer at bay.
Scientists now believe a chemical in broccoli, sulphoraphane, interacts with cells lacking a key anti-tumour gene, PTEN, to keep prostate cancer at bay.
PURPLE sprouting broccoli, in season now, looks pretty, tastes great and is full of health-boosting properties, including sulphoraphane, which is thought to help prevent cancer.
UCLA researchers report that sulphoraphane, a chemical found in broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables, can switch on a set of antioxidant genes and enzymes in specific immune cells, which then combat the injurious effects of free radicals.
A cancer-fighting compound found in the veg, sulphoraphane, reduced blistering associated with the condition in genetically engineered mice.
Tests on mice genetically engineered to have the same condition showed they improved significantly after treatment with the plant chemical sulphoraphane.
The variety has higher levels of sulphoraphane and will help the half of the human population which lacks a gene that allows the body to retain the protective plant chemical.
They include antioxidants, beta carotene, lutein, lycopene, zeaxanthin and the flavonoids resveratrol, quercetins, hesperidins, and other compounds such as sulphoraphane, indoles and allium compounds.
Notable Nutrients: vitamins A and C, folate, fiber, lutein, zeaxanthin, indoles, isothiocyanate, sulphoraphane. Serving Suggestions: Roast in a baking pan with garlic and olive oil until just tender; steam or microwave in a small amount of water then toss with slivered almonds or toasted sesame seeds.
It is rich in vegetable phytochemicals, such as glucosinolates, sulphoraphane, lycopene, lutein and chlorogenic acid.