While suicide terrorism
is typically associated with jihadi movements, suicide bombing tactics have been used by secular nationalist groups, such as the Kurdistan Workers Party (PKK) and the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), as a means of fighting the perceived foreign occupation of their homelands.
Professor Robert Pape of University of Chicago based his book, Dying to Win: The Strategic Logic of Suicide Terrorism
, argues that `the connection between suicide attacks and religion is exaggerated and that suicide terrorism
is 'mainly a response to foreign occupation' (Is Pakistan under foreign occupation?).
University of Chicago political scientist Robert Pape, who gathered data on every known case of suicide terrorism
between 1980 and 2003, found little connection between it and Islamic fundamentalism.
If that is not stupid, blind greed then it is what is referred to as suicide-murder in crime, or worse suicide terrorism
But, with the emergence of various militant groups engaging in suicide terrorism
, 'fidayeen' acquired a negative connotation.
Particularly for the people of Afghanistan, suicide terrorism
has become a household term due to increasing rates of suicide attacks in the last six years in particular, making the phenomenon an epidemic-like situation in the war-torn country.
Causes of Suicide Terrorism
in Pakistan as Perceived by Media Personnel.
Patel's presentation resulted in a robust engagement between the panelists and audiences regarding the impact of neuroscience on female suicide terrorism
Some specific topics considered are violence perpetrated by child soldiers, using psychology to sabotage social bonds in terrorist organizations, and psychological aspects of suicide terrorism
. The book also provides a psychosocial examination of the rise of ISIL.
This claim is open to questioning, as the author fails to distinguish between political assassinations, mass shootings, and suicide terrorism
. It would be an interesting addition to differentiate between these concepts, since the book already shows common traits in terms of motivation between massmurderers and suicide terrorists.
Nazi Germany and that of non-state actors such as the LTTE who went to the extent of using suicide terrorism
but as he sees, in both of these reason and rationality have played a role.
Pape, international security expert, in his 2003 study of suicide terrorism
found that only one out of the 11 major terrorist organizations he studied actually ceased its activity due to the death of its leadership.