sufficient cause

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suf·fi·cient cause

an etiologic factor that guarantees that a result in question will occur; nonoccurrence of the result is proof that the factor is not operating.

cause

in diseases, an agent, event, condition or characteristic which plays an essential role in producing an occurrence of the disease. Because there is nowadays much less certainty about what actually establishes a disease state it is becoming more common to use terms such as disease determinants, causal association, causal relationship. koch's postulates are no longer the sole criterion used in establishing causality.

constitutional cause
an inherent characteristic of the patient. Usually a systemic defect, e.g. protoporphyria.
direct cause
there must be no known variable intervening between the suspect factor and the disease.
endogenous cause
the cause comes from within the patient. See also constitutional cause (above).
exogenous cause
the cause comes from outside the patient, e.g. a virus infection.
indirect cause
all causes other than the direct cause (see above).
host cause
see endogenous cause (above).
necessary cause
a factor which must be present to produce disease; the disease does not occur unless the factor was or is present.
precipitating cause
the trigger mechanism that initiates the commencement of the disease state.
predisposing cause
a mechanism that makes a patient more susceptible to the precipitating cause.
primary cause
the principal factor in causing the disease.
secondary cause
a factor that assists the primary cause. A cause of secondary importance.
specific cause
the single cause in a single cause-single disease relationship.
sufficient cause
a minimal set of conditions and events which inevitably produce disease.
References in classic literature ?
Cold, wet, and fatigue are sufficient causes for my being found dead, but I shall die of others, though I suffer from these.
Many exquisite viands might be rejected by the epicure, if it was a sufficient cause for his contemning of them as common and vulgar, that something was to be found in the most paltry alleys under the same name.
It might be done if there were only a sufficient cause.
The King of England considered the building of these forts as a sufficient cause of war, which was accordingly commenced in 1754.
He said that the Emperor Alexander did not consider Kurakin's demand for his passports a sufficient cause for war; that Kurakin had acted on his own initiative and without his sovereign's assent, that the Emperor Alexander did not desire war, and had no relations with England.
If the impression were not produced by a real corresponding and sufficient cause, how came he, Jarvis Lorry, there?
Such, sirs, is the true story of my sad adventures; judge for yourselves now whether the sighs and lamentations you heard, and the tears that flowed from my eyes, had not sufficient cause even if I had indulged in them more freely; and if you consider the nature of my misfortune you will see that consolation is idle, as there is no possible remedy for it.
Bid your band silence that dead march--or, by my word, they shall have sufficient cause for their lugubrious strains
It is about necessary causes, not sufficient causes.
But nothing is helped by de Wl's obvious confusion of necessary and sufficient causes of change in Sudan.
Waller would have done better to argue that all actions either have sufficient causes over which the agent lacks control, or have no sufficient causes at all and thereby escape the agent's control.
Responding to queries of the media on efforts of the opposition to renew its mechanisms and alliances, he said that all the reasons given by the opposition together, such as the economic crisis, corruption or other reasons are not sufficient causes for toppling the regime.