Sajedi P et al 2006  observed that there was no significant difference in the incidence of pruritus, nausea vomiting and dizziness following IV administration of Fentanyl, Tramadol, Meperidine and Sufentanyl
Strong immune modulation Weak or no immune modulation Morphine Buprenorphine (the least or no effect) Fentanyl Oxycodone Sufentanyl
Hydromorphone Codeine Tramadol Table 2: Perioperative factors affecting cancer progression.
Usyal HY, Tezer E, Turkoglu M, Aslanargun P, Basar H.The effects of dexmedetomidine on hemodynamic responses to tracheal intubation in hypertensive patients: a comparison with esmolol and sufentanyl
. J Res Med Sci2012;17:22-31.
Classes and Conversion of Opioids Class Generic Name Conversion Ratio Agonists Morphine 1 * Hydromorphone 0.125-0.25 ([dagger]) Oxycodone 0.5 Methadone 0.1 ([double-dagger]) Hydrocodone 1-2.5 Meperidine 10 ([section]) Levorphanol 0.033 ([section]) Codeine 30 ([section]) Propoxyphene 50 ([section]) Fentanyl 0.01 (//) Sufentanyl
0.001 Alfentanyl 0.04 Remifentanyl N/A Oxymorphone 0.1 Agonist-Antagonists Nalbuphine 1 ([section]) Butorphanol 0.2 ([section]) Partial Agonists Dezocine 1 ([section]) Buprenorphine 0.04 ([section]) Antagonists Naloxone N/A (#) Naltrexone N/A Note: From "Cancer pain management.
Medication class Family Medication class Family Acetaminophen 1A2, 2E1 NSAIDs Opioids Diclofenac 2C9 (probe) Codeine 2D6 Ibuprofen 2C9 Methadone 3A4, 2D6 Mefenamic 2C9 Fentanyl 3A4 acid Naproxen 2C9, 1A2 Tramadol 2D6 Piroxicam 2C9 Hydrocodone 2D6 Lornoxicam 2C9 Oxycodone 2D6 Aceclofenac 2C9 Sufentanyl
3A4 Flurbiprofen 2C9 Dihydrocodeine 2D6 Enoxicam 2C9 Alfentanil 3A4 Pirprofen 2C9 Table 4.
Forced air warmer (Bair Hugger(r), Augustine Medical, USA) elevated BIS without hemodynamic change during hepatectomy with isoflurane, sufentanyl
, and atracurium.6
reported the duration of spinal anaesthesia (first demand for analgesics) with an intrathecal levobupivacaine and sufentanyl
combination as 136 minutes.18
Frikha14 has compared sufentanyl
versus Tramadol in combined spinal epidural analgesia for labour and concludes that Tramadol has longer duration of action 114 as compared to 54 minutes of sufentanyl
but has an adverse effect of vomiting.
In an attempt to produce ideal adjuvant for the brachial plexus blockade, various agents such as dexamethasone, neostigmine, tramadol, (2,3) midazolam, opioids (fentanyl (4) and sufentanyl
(3)) and [alpha]2 agonists (clonidine (3) and dexmedetomidine) were added to local anaesthetics to achieve quick, dense, and prolonged block, but the results are either inconclusive or associated with side effects.
Objective: We aimed to compare the anesthetic characteristics between total intravenous anesthesia (TIVA) using propofol-remifentanil with target control infusion (TCI) and volatile induction and maintenance anesthesia (VIMA) using sevoflurane and sufentanyl
for patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
(2) In various studies comparing midazolam, a newer fused ring benzodiazepine with other drugs like diazepam, ketamine, morphine, fentanyl, sufentanyl
, promethazine and pethidine, it was found to be very effective, short acting, safe, and also was found to have profound amnesic properties, haemodynamic stability and lesser respiratory depression.