2 (also known as amaranth dye) Saw palmetto extract Palm oil Pygeum Beta-sitosterol Ginkgo biloba Rutin, quercetin, campherol Chondroitin sulfate Dermatan sulfate, carrageenen, guar gums Goldenseal root Coptis, yellow dock, Oregon grape Tribulus terrestris Wild yam, fenugreek Yohimbe extract Yohimbine HCI; other synthetic drug ingredients ED dietary Active pharmaceutical ingredients, sildenafil, supplements vardenafil, tadadafil, multiple other synthetic analogs Pomegranate juice Apple, pear, grape, cherry, plum, aronia juices, cane sugar (if not declared as such) Weight loss Sibutramine (appetite suppressant) supplements Protein powders Melamine Hoodia Various cactus species; opuntia is a primary adulterant Muscle growth Steroids supplements Curcumin Sudan dye
The Sudan dye
issue is a major problem we have been putting a lot of work into because it is a health issue.
The European Commission extended Sudan dye
controls to imports of curcuma and virgin palm oil on April 4, after a number of shipments of the products into the EU were found to contain the carcinogenic dye.
2007) confirmed that biological reduction of Para Red and Sudan dyes
by human intestinal microbes leads to production of various aromatic amines such as aniline, 2,4-dimethylaniline, o-toluidine and p-nitroaniline.
Commonly used for coloring oils or as additives in shoe polish, Sudan dyes
are also illegally used in foods like chili or chili-containing products.
For example, the Sudan dyes
that hit the headlines early in 2005--found in foods such as Worcester sauce--were not so much injurious to health, unless a person drank 270 litres of the sauce a day, but they were illegal nevertheless.
Advice on Sudan dyes
can be obtained from the council's officers or the website www.
The overwhelming majority of the European media coverage (the US has thus far been spared this particular food scare) referred to the Sudan dyes
as causing cancer--and that was enough to alarm people in dozens of countries.
It is chemically similar to the Sudan dyes
which caused a previous scare and major product recall.
Dr Amelia Lake, research associate at Newcastle University's Human Nutrition Research Centre, said: "Research has shown that these Sudan dyes
are cancer causing and now that they have been found some foods the FSA will be doing all they can to warn people not to consume the products.
are usually used to colour petrol, solvents and polishes, but have been found in chilli powder.
Other dyes are also not completely safe as consumption of rhodamine leads to growth retardation and haemolysis of blood cells, while Sudan dyes
produce kidney lesions.