2 (also known as amaranth dye) Saw palmetto extract Palm oil Pygeum Beta-sitosterol Ginkgo biloba Rutin, quercetin, campherol Chondroitin sulfate Dermatan sulfate, carrageenen, guar gums Goldenseal root Coptis, yellow dock, Oregon grape Tribulus terrestris Wild yam, fenugreek Yohimbe extract Yohimbine HCI; other synthetic drug ingredients ED dietary Active pharmaceutical ingredients, sildenafil, supplements vardenafil, tadadafil, multiple other synthetic analogs Pomegranate juice Apple, pear, grape, cherry, plum, aronia juices, cane sugar (if not declared as such) Weight loss Sibutramine (appetite suppressant) supplements Protein powders Melamine Hoodia Various cactus species; opuntia is a primary adulterant Muscle growth Steroids supplements Curcumin Sudan dye
"The Sudan dye
issue is a major problem we have been putting a lot of work into because it is a health issue."
The European Commission extended Sudan dye
controls to imports of curcuma and virgin palm oil on April 4, after a number of shipments of the products into the EU were found to contain the carcinogenic dye.
In recent years, there are many researches about ionic liquid as an extractant for dye from various samples such as Congo red, Sudan dye
, methyl orange, and so on [2-4], but the application of ionic liquids is restrained due to its high cost and hard to recycle [5, 6].
All of the Sudan dyes
(lot number 40517) and Para Red (lot number 50506) were purchased from Dr.
Madras, "Photocatalytic degradation of Azure and Sudan dyes
using nano Ti[O.sub.2]," Journal of Hazardous Materials, vol.
Only approved food colors can be used and others, such as some azo compounds (otherwise known as "Sudan dyes
"), are banned because of their potential carcinogenicity.
(e) "Sudan dyes
" refers to the following chemical substances:
For example, the Sudan dyes
that hit the headlines early in 2005--found in foods such as Worcester sauce--were not so much injurious to health, unless a person drank 270 litres of the sauce a day, but they were illegal nevertheless.
Advice on Sudan dyes
can be obtained from the council's officers or the website www.walsall.gov.uk/trading standards/sudan.asp
It is chemically similar to the Sudan dyes
which caused a previous scare and major product recall.
Dr Amelia Lake, research associate at Newcastle University's Human Nutrition Research Centre, said: "Research has shown that these Sudan dyes
are cancer causing and now that they have been found some foods the FSA will be doing all they can to warn people not to consume the products.