Sudafed


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Related to Sudafed: Sudafed 12 Hour, Sudafed PE

Sudafed

 [soo´dah-fed]
trademark for preparations containing pseudoephedrine hydrochloride, a nasal decongestant.

pseudoephedrine hydrochloride

Contac Non Drowsy (UK), Galsud (UK), Genaphed, Kidkare Decongestant, Meltus Decongestant (UK), Non-Drowsy Sudafed Decongestant (UK), Robidrine (CA), Silfedrine Children's, Sudafed, Sudafed Children's Nasal Decongestant, Sudafed 12 Hour, Sudo-Tab, Sudodrin, SudoGest

pseudoephedrine sulfate

Drixoral Nasal Decongestant, Drixoral Non-Drowsy Formula

Pharmacologic class: Sympathomimetic

Therapeutic class: Decongestant (systemic)

Pregnancy risk category C

Action

Stimulates alpha-adrenergic receptors, causing vasoconstriction of respiratory tract; relaxes bronchial smooth muscle through beta2-adrenergic stimulation

Availability

pseudoephedrine hydrochloride

Capsules: 60 mg

Capsules (extended-release): 120 mg, 240 mg

Capsules (soft gel): 30 mg

Oral solution: 15 mg/5 ml, 30 mg/5 ml

Syrup: 30 mg/5 ml

Tablets: 30 mg, 60 mg

Tablets (chewable): 15 mg

Tablets (extended-release): 120 mg, 240 mg

pseudoephedrine sulfate

Tablets (extended-release, film-coated): 120 mg

Indications and dosages

Nasal, sinus, or eustachian tube congestion

Adults and children ages 12 and older: 60 mg P.O. q 4 to 6 hours p.r.n. (not to exceed 240 mg/day); or 120 mg (extended-release) q 12 hours or 240 mg (extended-release) q 24 hours

Contraindications

• Hypersensitivity to drug or other sympathomimetics

• Alcohol intolerance (with some liquid products)

• Hypertension

• Severe coronary artery disease

• MAO inhibitor use within past 14 days

• Children younger than age 12 (extended-release forms)

Precautions

Use cautiously in:

• hyperthyroidism, diabetes mellitus, prostatic hypertrophy, ischemic heart disease, glaucoma

• elderly patients (more sensitive to drug's CNS effects)

• pregnant or breastfeeding patients.

Administration

• Give at least 2 hours before bedtime to minimize insomnia.

Adverse reactions

CNS: anxiety, nervousness, dizziness, drowsiness, excitability, fear, hallucinations, headache, insomnia, restlessness, asthenia, seizures

CV: palpitations, hypertension, tachycardia, cardiovascular collapse

GI: anorexia, dry mouth

GU: dysuria

Respiratory: respiratory difficulty

Interactions

Drug-drug. Beta-adrenergic blockers: increased pressor effects of pseudoephedrine

MAO inhibitors: hypertensive crisis

Mecamylamine, methyldopa, reserpine: decreased antihypertensive effect of these drugs

Other sympathomimetics: additive effects, greater risk of toxicity

Drug-food. Foods that acidify urine: decreased drug efficacy

Foods that alkalize urine: increased drug efficacy

Patient monitoring

• Monitor vital signs.

• Assess neurologic and cardiovascular status regularly.

Patient teaching

• Advise patient to take at least 2 hours before bedtime to reduce insomnia.

• Tell patient not to crush or break extended-release tablets or capsules.

• Advise patient to discontinue use and consult prescriber if he experiences nervousness, dizziness, or insomnia.

• Tell patient to consult prescriber before taking other over-the-counter products.

• Caution patient to avoid driving and other hazardous activities until he knows how drug affects concentration and alertness.

• As appropriate, review all other significant and life-threatening adverse reactions and interactions, especially those related to the drugs and foods mentioned above.

Sudafed

(so͞o′də-fĕd′)
A trademark for the hydrochloride salt of the drug pseudoephedrine.

Sudafed

a trademark for an adrenergic vasoconstrictor used as a decongestant (pseudoephedrine hydrochloride).

Sudafed

A brand name for PSEUDOEPHEDRINE with TRIPROLIDINE.
References in periodicals archive ?
Depending on to whom you talk, Sudafed use is relegated to players suffering from the sniffles or abused by players seeking an adrenaline rush.
The solution to the meth epidemic is not in harsher punishments or mandating prescriptions for Sudafed.
As the heart of the cold and flu season arrives in Oregon, consumers are finding they can no longer wander into the store, grab a box of Sudafed and take it to the cashier.
Four years ago, these two chemicals were illegal--but the FDA legalized them, after heavy lobbying by pharmaceutical companies who wanted to use them, in less potent form, in cough remedies like Sudafed.
Independent research carried out this month for Sudafed, a decongestant product, found a record 9pc of the population suffering with coughs and colds compared with Bristol, where just 2.
Among the everyday medicines which are no longer on the banned list are Actifed, Sudafed and Uniflu as well as some Beechams, Benylin and Nurofen products.
He supplemented the medications the flight surgeon had given him with a collection of sundry, witch-doctor tricks, If you've ever read the label on a bottle of Sudafed, you know it says to take a dose every four to six hours.
A statement said: ``The player declared taking Sudafed and Adderall which both contain banned substances.
Se lo platique a un cientifico amigo mio y el pregunto retoricamente cuantos kilos de Sudafed se necesitarian para hacer una "pinga".
54 per cent said they would not get behind the wheel after taking the decongestant Sudafed, another in the green category.
Combining Prozac with the decongestant Sudafed could cause an excessive build up of a brain chemical which damaged blood vessels and heart valves, they said.
This allowed management to inform employees about the Sudafed crisis before it reached the newspapers.