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Construct validity was demonstrated by significant correlations between ASSIST scores and measures derived from instruments that provide circumstantial evidence for substance abuse and dependence and its consequences, including physical, psychological and social problems (Babor et al., 1989).
Despite the prevalence of substance abuse and dependence, only 2.3 million users received treatment as hospital inpatients, in an emergency department, at a drug or alcohol rehabilitation center or mental health facility, or through a self-help group within the past 12 months (SAMHSA, 2009).
The study provides evidence that, after a decade of concerted efforts to address problems such as substance abuse and dependence among parolees and probationers, we may actually be seeing some real results.
In summary, while there is no definitive explanation of the relation between bulimia and substance abuse and dependence, it appears that the disorders can originate together based on similar risk factors, such as an addictive personality type, a family history of drug abuse, parental characteristics, common developmental issues, and biological vulnerability as evidenced by atypical endogenous peptides (Baker et al., 2007; Bulik & Sullivan, 1993; Grilo et al., 2002; Holderness et al., 1994).
These estimates are similar to those reported by Laux, Salyers, and Bandfield (2007), who noted good test-retest reliability but also cautioned that the SASSI-3's obvious scales (i.e., the scales that directly measure substance abuse and dependence: FVA and FVOD) produced higher estimates of I C than did the instruments' criterion-keyed scales.
Pharmacotherapy of dual substance abuse and dependence. CNS Drugs 2007; 21 : 213-37.
Substance abuse and dependence is a problem globally, and ethanol (alcohol) and tobacco are two of the most widely abused substances.
Problems with substance abuse and dependence are among the most prevalent disorders diagnosed in the United States.
Because nicotine addiction is prevalent among those with other substance abuse and dependence, we used the enactment of the regulation as an occasion to evaluate the degree to which nicotine addiction is addressed in the California counselor certification process.
Morgan and Toloczko reported that the percentage of CACREP programs that had either required (30%) or elective (77%) addiction-related course offerings indicated a strong commitment to substance abuse and dependence training.
Common mental conditions in U.S.-born individuals included major depression, phobias and other anxiety disorders, and substance abuse and dependence.
It follows that personality variables of sensation seeking, impulsivity, conduct problems may antedate the initiation and development of substance abuse and dependence, respectively.
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