Midline sternal incision was made in 33 (89%) patients and submammary
incision in 4 (11%) patients all females with low deformities.
It is astonishing to consider that most hysterogenic zones identified by Charcot below the clavicle, in the submammary
region, at the bottom of the rib cage, across the anterior surface of the body trunk, and between the shoulder blades, largely correspond to fibromyalgia's tender points, localized areas of tenderness on palpation which, in patients with at least a three-month history of diffuse musculoskeletal pain, represent diagnostic standard for fibromyalgia.
Reverse abdominoplasty is traditionally used for correction of excess supraumbilical skin by performing epigastric lift through submammary
In tumors in the lower inner quadrant, the skin incision was extended along the submammary
fold, and the mammary gland was mobilized on the pectoralis muscle (Figures 1 and 2) [10,12].
Rib cartilage was harvested from the 6th rib through submammary
incision in female and subcostal incision in male (Figure 1(a)).
The 'deck chair sign' (DCS) defines a peculiar clinical pattern observed in patients with erythroderma characterised by a selective sparing of skin folds like axillary, inguinal, submammary
The most common symptoms of women suffering from hypertrophic breasts are malposture, painful shoulder grooves, persistent submammary
intertrigo, and back pain [1, 2].
(14-16) Lesions have also been noted to have predilection for the moist environment of skin folds, including submammary
and abdominal creases as well as the perineal and inguinal regions (Figure 1).
* Flexural (inverse) psoriasis is localised to the main skin folds (genitocrural area, navel, axillae, submammary
Seborrhea can also occur over the sternum and in the axillae, submammary
folds, umbilicus, groin, and gluteal creases.
The pocket may be located either behind (submuscular) or in front (submammary
) of the chest muscle.
Subjects with sternal incisions reported significantly more pain than subjects with submammary