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A land region with a high concentration of trees, which is divided into an overstory (canopy or upper tree layer) and an understory of vegetation, which is further divided into a shrub layer, herb layer and, depending on the ecosystem, also a moss layer.


an extensive wood or tract of wooded country.


pertaining to or emanating from the forest.

forest fire injury
forest primrose
forest tsetses
glossinabrevipalpis, G. fusca.

Patient discussion about forest

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A. Look in the phone book for AA or Alcoholics Anonymous and call and you will find the best answer for your particular questions. Don't wait.

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United States

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References in periodicals archive ?
If one generality can be made from our comparison, it is the importance of subcanopy vegetation to nesting density and productivity of black-chinned hummingbirds in the American Southwest.
This is the result of the heterogeneous flood disturbance and creation of canopy/ subcanopy gaps.
For species of the subcanopy and canopy layers, species importance values were equal to importance percentage as defined previously.
1977) and Brack (1983) reported this species forages in the subcanopy foliage layer, and although our catch was greatest in the subcanopy layer, it was too small to test.
The understory and the middle level were the most frequently used strata in all areas, but the ground and the subcanopy were proportionally used more at VVP and RTF, respectively.
The results of this study indicate that subcanopy cycad plants
Release" refers to the rapid growth of suppressed subcanopy trees or saplings.
Common canopy species at San Javier are Parapiptadenia exelsa (Fabaceae), Cinnamomum porphyrium (Lauracae), Juglans australis (Juglandaceae), and Myrsine laetevirens (Myrsinaceae) while the subcanopy is dominated by Piper tucumanum (Piperaceae), Allophylus edulis (Sapindaceae), and Psychotria cartagenensis (Rubiaceae) (Grau et al.
In all, approximately ten more species are represented in the subcanopy and canopy layers (for example, "medium" and "large" size classes) than are recorded for the "small" size class (Table 1).
Canopy facilitation of understory herbs is common in semi-arid savannas throughout the world, where either understory productivity is enhanced or subcanopy microenvironments favor species that are excluded from open grassland habitat (see review by Vetaas, 1992).
Elias and Meyer (2003) found that undeveloped shoreline in northern Wisconsin had higher percent canopy, subcanopy, understory cover, coarse woody debris, and percentage of shoreline overhung by trees and shrubs compared to developed shoreline stretches.
interstans are considered to form the prominent subcanopy layer in the Goldfields region of WA (Chinnock, 1982b).