The NSDAP not only established its paramilitary wings, i.e., Sturmabteilung
and Schutzstaffel, but also permeated all spheres of German society.
Wheeler-Bennett's optimism did not survive the Night of the Long Knives in 1934, when Ernst Rohm, the leader of the Sturmabteilung
, and others (including some of Wheeler-Bennett's friends), were judicially murdered by their erstwhile alte Kameraden.
Rich in detail reflecting extensive research, it begins with their arrival in July 1933 and ends on 30 June 1934, the Night of the Long Knives, when Hitler purged his party of insufficiently obedient elements by having Ernst Roehm and other old SA (Sturmabteilung
, the brown-shirted Nazi paramilitary army) Kameraden murdered.
Thus, even in cases such as the Schwabing Riots in Munich, in which youth violence directed against the police actually contained antiauthoritarian overtones, prominent social democrats equated the behavior of rioting youths with the violence meted out by young members of the Sturmabteilung
(SA) in the late Weimar and early National Socialist periods (Furmetz 2006, 209).
Catholic priests, university students, and opinion leaders wrote articles for the Volkischer Beobachter, gave field sermons, blessed Sturmabteilung
standards, promoted eugenics and racial purity, and participated in Catholic- oriented membership drives.
For instance, Herman Goring was the commander-in-chief of the Air Force (Luftwaffe), as well as the supreme leader of the Nazi Sturmabteilung
(SA) and second in command to Hitler, and Karl Donitz was the commander-in-chief of the Kreigsmarine and became the "head of the German Government" following Hitler's death.
Nazi Stormtroopers, or Sturmabteilung
, were the brown shirt-wearing paramilitary branch of the EVIL Nazis.
Beside its evocation of the Nazis' brown-shirred Sturmabteilung
(SA), the group has much in common with the Soviet-era Komsomol (Communist Youth League), which was the main avenue for upward mobility among Soviet-era youth.
But we should consider: the concept of "stormtroopers" developed from its beginning in March 1915, when a unit known as Sturmabteilung
Calsow (Calsow's Assault Detachment) under Major Calsow was formed by the Eighth Army by orders from the British War Ministry.
After his faithful participation in the Night of the Long Knives--Hitler's operation to purge the SS's main competitors, Ernst Rohm's Sturmabteilung
(SA)--Dietrich was promoted to SS-Obergruppenfuhrer, Waffen-SS (Lieutenant General).
Likewise, Ernst Rohm, leader of the Nazi Sturmabteilung
(stormtroopers), had no inkling of the Night of the Long Knives that brought his abrupt demise.
named for Udo Curth, a Nazi SA (Sturmabteilung
) man or Storm Trooper,