smooth strophanthus

(redirected from Strophanthus gratus)

smooth strophanthus

Herbal medicine
A woody climbing evergreen native to West Africa, used by native herbalists as an anti-inflammatory and antiparasitic, and by native African hunters as arrow and fish poisons due to its content of ouabain, which induces tachycardia.
References in periodicals archive ?
Cardiac glycosides are found in a diverse group of plants including Digitalis purpurea and Digitalis lanata (Foxgloves), Nerium oleander (Common oleander), Thevetia peruviana (yellow oleander), Convallaria majalis (Lily of the valley), Urginea maritime and Urginea indica (Squill), Strophanthus gratus (ouabain), Apocynum cannabinum (Dogbane), and Cheiranthus cheiri (Wallflower) has resulted in cardiac glycoside poisoning.
Ouabain was initially described as a compound extracted from plants, such as Acocanthera ouabaio and Strophanthus gratus, and has been used for the treatment of congestive heart failure due to its positive ionotropic effect on cardiac muscle [1].
Members of certain East African tribes gather seeds of the tropical vine Strophanthus gratus and extract a lethal poison to smear on their arrow tips.