Strophanthus


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Stro·phan·thus

(strō-fan'thŭs),
A genus of vines of east Africa (family Apocynaceae); the dried ripe seeds of Strophanthus kombe or Strophanthus hispidus contain the cardiac glycoside strophanthin and were used as an arrow poison; the seeds of Strophanthus gratus are the botanic source of ouabain.
[G. strophos, a twisted cord, + anthos, flower]

Strophanthus

(strō-făn′thŭs) [Gr. strophos, twisted cord, + anthos, flower]
A genus of plants yielding a poisonous, white, crystalline glucoside, previously used as a heart stimulant.

Strophanthus

an African plant genus in the family Apocynaceae; contain cardiac glycosides, e.g. ouabain, strophanthin; are highly poisonous. Includes S. gratus, S. kombé.
References in periodicals archive ?
purpurea (foxglove), Adonis microcarpa and Adonis vernalis (adonis), Apocynum cannabinum (black Indian hemp), Asclepias curassavica (redheaded cotton bush), Asclepias fruticosa (balloon cotton), Calotropis procera (king's crown), Carissa spectabilis (wintersweet), Cerebera manghas (sea mango), Cheiranthus cheiri (wallflower), Convallaria majalis (lily of the valley, convallaria), Cryptostegia grandiflora (rubber vine), Helleborus niger (black hellebore), Helleborus viridis, Nerium oleander (oleander), Plumeria rubra (frangipani), Selenicereus grandiflorus (cactus grandiflorus), Strophanthus hispidus and Strophanthus kombe (strophanus), Thevetia peruviana (yellow oleander), and Urginea maritima (squill).
Cardiac glycosides are found in a diverse group of plants including Digitalis purpurea and Digitalis lanata (Foxgloves), Nerium oleander (Common oleander), Thevetia peruviana (yellow oleander), Convallaria majalis (Lily of the valley), Urginea maritime and Urginea indica (Squill), Strophanthus gratus (ouabain), Apocynum cannabinum (Dogbane), and Cheiranthus cheiri (Wallflower) has resulted in cardiac glycoside poisoning.
The medicine that supports all aspects of the parasympathetic nervous system is a medicine from the strophanthus plant called ouabain, or g-strophanthin.
So far, 12 species of the family Apocynaceae, namely, Allamanda cathartica, Alstonia scholaris, Alyxia sinensis, Catharanthus roseus, Cerbera manghas, Melodinus suaveolens, Nerium oleander, Plumeria acutifolia, Strophanthus divaricatus, Tabernaemontana divaricata, Thevetia peruviana, and Trachelospermum jasminoides, have been evaluated for fungal endophytes from foliar segments, phloem (C.
The Apocyanaceae (dog banes) are sources of African arrow poisons (for example Carissa acokanthera, bushman's poison' and Strophanthus hispidus) and also contain many of the most beautiful but deadly tropical flowering shrubs such as Plumeria rubra, frangipani', Nerium oleander, common, pink or white oleander' and Thevetia peruviana, yellow oleander' [15].
Melodinus, Nerium, Strophanthus, Stephanostemma, Wrightia); a small, thin flap that forms a pouch in the petal sinus (e.