Strongyloides stercoralis


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Related to Strongyloides stercoralis: Trichinella spiralis, Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura

Strongyloides stercoralis

A roundworm that causes gastrointestinal infections (primarily in persons from developing nations) and opportunistic infections (in immunosuppressed patients). It may occasionally be life-threatening. In the U.S., S. stercoralis is found mainly in the rural South. The ova hatch in the intestines of the host, and rod-shaped larvae are passed in the stool. In the soil, these may develop into adults and continue their life cycle or may metamorphose into filariform larvae that can infect humans. The filariform larvae enter the skin, pass through the venous system to the lungs, where they migrate upward and are swallowed. A rash or pneumonia may accompany their migration. The larvae mature in the intestine, and ova of the next generation hatch. The rod-shaped larvae may metamorphose into the filariform larvae in the intestine. These may enter the circulation, migrate to the lungs, and begin the cycle again.

Such auto-infection may be sufficient to cause overwhelming systemic infection with fever, severe abdominal pain, shock, and possibly death. Severe reactions are more likely to occur in immunosuppressed patients. The diagnosis is made by finding larvae in the patient's feces. Thiabendazole and mebendazole are the drugs of choice. Repeated courses of treatment may be required.

See also: Strongyloides

Strongyloides

a genus of nematode parasites in the family Strongyloididae, the larvae of which are able to penetrate the intact skin of the host then migrate to the intestine via the bloodstream, lung, trachea and pharynx. Many species are passed from the dam to the young via the milk. See also strongyloidosis.

Strongyloides avium
found in the ceca and small intestine of fowl, turkey and wild birds.
Strongyloides cati
found in the small intestine of the cat.
Strongyloides felis
in cats.
Strongyloides fuelleborni
found in the small intestine of primates.
Strongyloides papillosus
found in the small intestine of ruminants and rabbits.
Strongyloides planiceps
in cats.
Strongyloides procyonis
found in raccoons.
Strongyloides ransomi
found in the small intestine of pigs.
Strongyloides ratti
found in rats.
Strongyloides simiae
see S. fuelleborni (above).
Strongyloides stercoralis
a species found in the intestine of humans and other mammals, primarily in the tropics and subtropics, usually causing diarrhea and intestinal ulceration.
Strongyloides tumefaciens
associated with tumors of the large intestine of cats.
Strongyloides venezuelensis
found in rats.
Strongyloides westeri
found in the small intestine of horse, pig and zebra.
References in periodicals archive ?
He was provisionally diagnosed to have hyper infection syndrome secondary to Strongyloides Stercoralis with gram negative sepsis.
19] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, "Transmission of Strongyloides stercoralis through transplantation of solid organs--Pennsylvania, 2012," MMWR Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, vol.
47 51,65 37 48,68 0,2703 Endolimax nana 34 37,36 29 38,16 0,0652 Entamoeba coli 33 36,26 33 43,42 0,5956 Giardia lamblia 28 30,77 20 26,32 0,3382 Complejo Entamoeba 20 21,98 18 23,68 0,1246 Iodamoeba butschlii 16 17,58 3 3,95 0,9252 ** Pentatrichomonas hominis 12 13,19 8 10,53 0,1821 Chilomastix mesnili 4 4,40 4 5,26 0,0567 Helmintos Ascaris lumbricoides 52 57,14 48 63,16 0,6157 Trichuris trichiura 19 20,88 18 23,68 0,2045 Hymenolepis nana 13 14,29 6 7,89 0,4361 Ancylostomideos 4 4,40 18 23,68 1,3477 ** Strongyloides stercoralis 2 2,20 11 14,47 0,8270 ** * incluidas las asociaciones parasitarias.
Strongyloides stercoralis, which is also called threadworm, is a parasitic nematode that can parasitize dogs, cats, man and other primates (Dillard et al.
Strongyloides stercoralis puede ser causa de enteritis catarral, edematosa o ulcerativa, y ha sido detectado en porcentajes variables en pacientes con VIH aunque no se ha podido demostrar una significativa asociacion con diarrea (1) (Tabla I).
La infeccion parasitaria en humanos puede ser un riesgo para la salud de los primates no humanos, ya que estos animales son comunmente mantenidos como mascotas o criados para el consumo humano en areas rurales, pudiendo los parasitos ser potencialmente fuentes de antropozoonosis como es el caso de Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, Hymenolepis nana, Strongyloides stercoralis y Ancylostoma spp, entre otros (Michaud et al.
31) En este caso a pesar que a su ingreso el paciente presentaba una reaccien tipo II, no se realizo un manejo de esta basado en las guias colombianas de atencion de la lepra, ya que no se administro talidomida, ademqs el manejo antilepromatoso fue suspendido al tercer dia de estancia hospitalaria sustentados en la presencia de Strongyloides stercoralis en un coproscopico.
High incidence of HTLV antibody in carriers of Strongyloides stercoralis.
El diagnostico diferencial de colitis eosinofilica debe hacerse con colitis parasitaria (Enterobius vermicularis, Strongyloides stercoralis y Trichuris trichiura), colitis inducida por medicamentos (clozapina, carbamazepina, AINES y rifampicina), sindrome hiperesonofilico, enfermedad inflamatoria intestinal.
Strongyloides stercoralis is a soil transmitted nematode, endemic in tropical and subtropical areas.
Ferreira AJ, Goncalves-Pires MRF, Silva DAO, Goncalves ALR, Costa-Cruz JM (2005) Parasitological and serological diagnosis of Strongyloides stercoralis in domesticated dogs from southeastern Brazil.
Contrary to data obtained at baseline, helminths such as Hymelolepis nana, Strongyloides stercoralis and Necator americanus, which often cause blood loss, were rarely found at the end of the intervention.