Streptomyces


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Related to Streptomyces: Streptomyces griseus

Streptomyces

 [strep″to-mi´sēz]
a genus of bacteria, usually soil forms, but occasionally parasitic on plants and animals, and notable as the source of various antibiotics, e.g., the tetracyclines.

Streptomyces

(strep'tō-mī'sēz),
A genus of nonmotile, aerobic, gram-positive bacteria (family Streptomycetaceae) that grow in the form of a many-branched mycelium; conidia are produced in chains on aerial hyphae. These organisms (several hundred species in the genus) are predominantly saprophytic soil forms; some are parasitic on plants or animals; many produce antibiotics. The type species is Streptomyces albus.
[strepto- + G. mykēs, fungus]

Streptomyces

/Strep·to·my·ces/ (strep″to-mi´sēz) a genus of bacteria (order Actinomycetales), usually soil forms, but occasionally parasitic on plants and animals, and notable as the source of various antibiotics, e.g., the tetracyclines. S. somalien´sis is a cause of mycetoma.

streptomyces

(strĕp′tə-mī′sēz)
n. pl. streptomyces
Any of various actinomycetes of the genus Streptomyces, found chiefly in soil and including several species that produce antibiotics.

Strep·to·my·ces

(strep'tō-mī'sēz)
A genus of nonmotile, aerobic, gram-positive bacteria that grow in the form of a much-branched mycelium; conidia are produced in chains on aerial hyphae. These organisms (several hundred species in the genus) are predominantly saprophytic soil forms; some are parasitic on plants or animals; many produce antibiotics. The type species is S. albus.
[strepto- + G. mykēs, fungus]

Streptomyces

a GENUS of Gram-positive BACTERIA (see GRAM'S STAIN in the ACTINOMYCETES group. Streptomyces species are common inhabitants of SOIL, though they are found in a diversity of habitats. They have a mycelial (see MYCELIUM growth form and reproduce by the formation of SPORES at the tips of aerial HYPHAE. They are AEROBES and can use a wide range of organic compounds as CARBON and ENERGY sources. Often they produce EXTRACELLULAR ENZYMES that enable them to utilize various materials such as STARCH, CELLULOSE and CHITIN. They produce more than half of all known ANTIBIOTICS, and certain species are commercially important. The antibiotic STREPTOMYCIN is produced by Streptomyces griseus.

Streptomyces

genus of Gram-positive bacteria, found in soil

Strep·to·my·ces

(strep'tō-mī'sēz)
Genus of nonmotile, aerobic, gram-positive bacteria that grows as a many-branched mycelium.
[strepto- + G. mykēs, fungus]

Streptomyces

a genus of nonpathogenic soil bacteria, but occasionally parasitic on plants and animals. Notable as the source of various antibiotics, e.g. the tetracyclines, erythromycin (S. erythreus), lincomycin (S. lincolnensis), tylosin (S. fradiae), rifampin (S. mediterranei), amphotericin B (S. nodosus) and monensin (S. cinnamonensis).
References in periodicals archive ?
A CCRD was used to determine the effects and interactions of two factors for biosurfactant production by Streptomyces sp.
2005) were able to determine that the maximum removal capacity of this strain of Streptomyces bikiniensis was 0.
For instance, Pr2, Pr2_2 and Pr6, identified as Streptomyces coelicoflavus by the BLAST search, grouped these three strains into one very well supported clade (100%) with the type strain of this species.
Pulmonary Streptomyces infection in patient with sarcoidosis, France, 2012.
Although it was believed nothing could survive there, the desert has been shown to be home to new species of Streptomyces bacteria, including Streptomyces leeuwenhoekii, which produces new compounds called chaxamycins that have potent antibacterial properties.
On contrast, the weakest root colonizer was Streptomyces and other strains of Burkholderia.
This observation agrees with the work of Dhevagi and Poorani [19] who reported maximum L-asparaginase by Streptomyces sp.
Rapamycin, an antifungal, anticancer, and immune-suppressing compound secreted by the bacterium Streptomyces hygroscopicus, is the basis for an anti-aging drug being developed by the Swiss pharmaceutical company Novartis.
It is a great news for the entire scientific community dedicated to natural products that the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2015 was awarded by the Nobel Assembly at Karolinska Institutet (Stockholm, Sweden) for the discovery of two main natural products: (1) avermectin, a macrocyclic lactone isolated from the soil microorganism Streptomyces avermitilis (and its derivative ivermectin) and (2) artemisinin, a sesquiterpene lactone containing an unusual peroxide bridge, isolated from the plant Artemisia annua L.
In 1974, Omura discovered in the vicinity of a Japanese golf course a soil bacterium called Streptomyces avermitilis that makes a compound called avermectin.