Caries, a common oral disease, can cause defect of dental tissue, mainly attributed to Streptococcus mutans, Actinomyces viscosus, Lactobacillus and Streptococcus sanguis
(Caufield and Griffen, 2005).
Gram-positive bacteria Gram-negative bacteria Streptococcus mutans Prevotella melaninogenica Streptococcus sanguis
Fusobacterium nucleatum Lactobacillus acidophilus Porphyromonas endodontalis Actinomyces israelii Porphyromonas gingivalis Peptostreptococcus micros Table 2.
Giotis, "Acute septic arthritis due to Streptococcus sanguis
," Medical Principles and Practice, vol.
Emergence of antibiotic resistant Streptococcus sanguis
in dental plaque of children after frequent antibiotic therapy.
(4) The organisms investigated were Streptococcus oralis, Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis
, Actinomyces viscosus, Lactobacillus casei and Candida albicans.
Wikner, "Establishment of Streptococcus sanguis
in the mouths of infants," Archives of Oral Biology, vol.
, includes known periodontal pathogens such as Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Tannerella forsythia, Treponema denticola, Fusobacterium nucleatum, Prevotella intermedia, Eikenella corrodens, and Eubacterium nodatum; Gram-positive bacteria such as Streptococcus sanguis
, mutants, mitis, and salivarius; and other Gram-negative anaerobic bacteria such as Campylobacter rectus.
The biofilm plays an important role in the cause of tooth decay, the cariogenic microorganisms such as Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis
, Streptococcus salivarius, Streptococcus mitis, Streptococcus oralis and Lactobacillus acidophilus play a vital role in the etiology of the dental caries (11).
rotunda to contain panduratin A, an active compound that is able to reduce the spread of Streptococcus mutans, Streptococcus sanguis
and Actinomyces viscosus in human mouth (Yanti et al., 2009).
(14) C3-C5 Streptococcus sanguis
, Mycobacterium tuberculosis Muzii, et al.
This could be explained according to the fact that certain bacterial species have been proposed to be protective or beneficial to the host, including Streptococcus sanguis
. It is typically found in high numbers in periodontal sites that don't demonstrate attachment loss, but in low numbers in sites with breakdown.
The streptococcal strains used in this study were from the Culture Collection of University of Goteborg (CCUG): Streptococcus mutans (CCUG 35176), Streptococcus salivarius (CCUG 11878), and Streptococcus sanguis