strangles

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strangles

(strang'gĕlz),
A highly contagious condition of horses resulting from infection with Streptococcus equi subsp. equi. Abbreviated taxonomy: Bacteria; Firmicutes; Lactobacillales; Streptococcaceae; Streptoccus; Streptococcus equi. Lymphadenopathy, especially of mandibular, parotid, and retropharyngeal lymph nodes; may abscess and impinge on the airways (thus the familiar name, which is derived from the verb strangle); causes mucopurulent nasal discharge, anemia, cough, can progress to lower airway infection, and may recrudesce months later as mesenteric lymphadenopathy with abscessation (so-called bastard strangles) and lead to signs of colic. A vaccine is available.

strangles

(străng′gəlz)
pl.n. (used with a sing. verb)
An infectious disease of horses and related animals, caused by the bacterium Streptococcus equi and characterized by inflammation of the nasal mucous membrane and abscesses under the jaw and around the throat that cause a strangling or choking sensation.
A form of restraint used to subdue overactive, unruly, violent, or inebriated subjects to prevent them from harming themselves and others, which consists of occluding the upper airway by compressing the thyroid cartilage and displacing the tongue posteriorly; the choke hold is more dangerous than the carotid sleeper, which cuts off the flow of blood to the brain, but does not compromise the airways

strangles

an acute disease of horses caused by infection with Streptococcus equi subsp. equi, and characterized by fever, purulent rhinitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, abscessation of the draining lymph nodes and cough.

puppy strangles, juvenile strangles
see juvenile pyoderma.
References in periodicals archive ?
Systemic Streptococcus equi infection in a horse handler--a case of human strangles.
Streptococcus equi subspecies equi human transmission is possible even in a patient with minimal equine contact.
Streptococcus equi is involved in severe human infections, such as meningitis.
Epidemiological investigation of Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus involved in clinical mastitis in dairy goats.
The molecular basis of Streptococcus equi infection and disease.
Streptococcus equi infections in horses: guidelines for treatment, control, and prevention of strangles.
Identification of three novel superantigen-encoding genes in Streptococcus equi subsp.
Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus meningitis-a case report and review of the literature.
Identification of variations in SzP proteins of Streptococcus equi subspecies zooepidemicus and the relationship between protein variants and clinical signs of infection in horses.
Phenotypic and genotypic properties of Streptococcus equi subsp.

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