Streptobacillus


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Related to Streptobacillus: streptococcus, staphylococcus

Streptobacillus

 [strep″to-bah-sil´us]
a genus of gram-negative, facultatively anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. The organisms are found in the throat and nasopharynx of wild and laboratory rats, and they may cause rat-bite fever in humans. It contains a single species, S. multifor´mis.

streptobacillus

 [strep″to-bah-sil´us]
1. a group of rod-shaped bacteria that remain loosely attached end-to-end in long chains as a result of failure of daughter cells to separate after cell division.
2. an organism of the genus Streptobacillus.

Streptobacillus

(strep'tō-ba-sil'ŭs),
A genus of nonmotile, nonsporeforming, aerobic to facultatively anaerobic bacteria (family Bacteroidaceae) containing gram-negative, pleomorphic cells that vary from short rods to long, interwoven filaments that have a tendency to fragment into chains of bacillary and coccobacillary elements. These organisms can be pathogenic for rats, mice, and other mammals. The type species is Streptobacillus moniliformis.
[strepto- + bacillus]

streptobacillus

(strĕp′tō-bə-sĭl′əs)
n. pl. streptoba·cilli (-sĭl′ī)
Any of various gram-negative, rod-shaped, often pathogenic bacteria of the genus Streptobacillus, occurring in chains, especially S. moniliformis, which causes a type of rat-bite fever.

Strep·to·ba·cil·lus

(strep'tō-bă-sil'ŭs)
A genus of nonmotile, non-spore-forming, aerobic to facultatively anaerobic bacteria containing gram-negative, pleomorphic cells that vary from short rods to long, interwoven filaments that have a tendency to fragment into chains of bacillary and coccobacillary elements. The type species, Streptobacillusmoniliformis, causes Haverhill fever and rat-bite fever.
References in periodicals archive ?
Streptobacillus are found in form of small chains which have more mass than bacillus.
Phylogenetic and comparative genomics of the family Leptotrichiaceae and introduction of a novel fingerprinting MLVA for Streptobacillus moniliformis.
Janda, "Rat-bite fever (Streptobacillus moniliformis): a potential emerging disease," International Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol.
Streptobacillus moniliformis is not routinely reported to public health authorities in most jurisdictions, and hence the true incidence rate is unknown.
Epidemiology, clinical findings, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention and reporting of rat-bite fever (RBF) caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis
Characteristic puff-ball colonies of Streptobacillus moniliformis were seen in supplemented thioglycolate broth.
Streptobacillus moniliformis is the root of a rare cause of rashes on the palms and soles: rat bite fever.
Rat-bite fever (RBF) is a systemic bacterial illness caused by Streptobacillus moniliformis that can be acquired through the bite or scratch of a rodent or the ingestion of food or water contaminated with rat feces.
To the Editor: Streptobacillus moniliformis is a facultatively anaerobic, pleomorphic, gram-variable bacillus often seen in chains and as long unbranched filaments.
For example, Streptococcus suis can cause meningitis or occasionally fulminant infection is an occupational risk for packers in poultry factories, and Streptobacillus moniliformis can be an occupational risk for pet shop employees (9,10)
In some instances ([approximately equal to] 13%), strains were submitted with incorrect identifications, such as Streptobacillus spp., anaerobes, Legionella spp., or Haemophilus spp.