Although respiratory mite infestation by Sternostoma species has been reported occasionally in canaries, (2) the occurrence of respiratory infestation by Ptilonyssus species causing clinical manifestation in canaries has never been reported.
3) Some avian nasal mites are reported to be nonpathogenic and benign, but others are pathogenic endoparasites, such as Sternostoma tracheacolum (Mesostigmata: Rhinonyssidae).
Sternostoma tracheacolum, known as the pathogenic tracheal mite in birds leading to death of its host, (9,11) invades the lower respiratory tract, lungs, and air sacs of the host and is a common pathogen in finches and canaries.
One new species of the genus Sternostoma (Mesostigmata: Rhinonyssidae) from Cuculus canorus (Cuculiformes: Cuculidae) from Leningrad Province, Russia.
The life history and transmission biology of Sternostoma tracheacolum Lawrence (Acari: Rhinonyssidae) associated with the Gouldian finch Erythrura gouldiae.
The Endoparasitic Mite Sternostoma tracheacolum Lawrence (Ridnonyssidae) and the Endangered Gouldian Finch Erythrura gouldiae gould (Estrildidae): A Parasite-Host Relationship [thesis], Hobart, Tasmania, Australia: University of Tasmania; 1995.
2011) reported Ptilonyssus sairae (Castro, 1948) and Sternostoma pirangae (Pence, 1976) in Paroaria coronata (Miller, 1776).
sulphuratus examined, ten were parasitised by Ptilonyssus spinosus (Brooks & Strandtmann, 1960), four by Sternostoma longisetosae (Hyland, 1961).
Spicer (1987), in Mexico, has examined 103 birds from several families: four specimens belonged to Tyrannidae, and only one individual of the genus Empidonax (Cabanis, 1855) showed parasitic association between the mites Ptilonyssus tyrannus (Brooks and Strandtmann, 1960) and Sternostoma pencei (Spicer, 1984), concluding that parasitic association occurs sporadically.
Sternostoma longisetosa, a new species of nasal mite from the eastern kingbird with notes on the occurrence of Tyranninyssus spinosus Brooks and Strandtmann in southern Michigan (Acarina: Rhinonyssidae).
Dermanyssus gallinae, Ornithonyssus syliarum, Sternostoma tracheacolum), two species of ticks (Ixodes pacificus, Amblyomma americanum) and a flea specie (Pullex irritans).
Sternostoma tracheacolum###Feathers, tail wings, neck###8###36.