statoconia


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Related to statoconia: maculae

statoconia

 [stat″o-ko´ne-ah] (pl. of statoco´nium)
minute calcareous particles in the gelatinous membrane surmounting the macula in the inner ear; called also otoconia, otoliths, and statoliths.

o·to·liths

, otolites (ō'tō-līths, ō'tō-līt-is), [TA]
Crystalline particles of calcium carbonate and a protein adhering to the gelatinous membrane of the maculae of the utricle and saccule.
[oto- + G. lithos, stone]

stat·o·liths

(stat'ŏ-liths)
Crystalline particles of calcium carbonate and a protein adhering to the gelatinous membrane of the maculae of the utricle and saccule.
Synonym(s): statoconia [TA] , otoconia.
[G. statos, standing, + lithos, stone]
References in periodicals archive ?
The receptors also contain pebble-like statoconia which, like most amphibian and bony fish otoconia, are composed of aragonite crystals.
Statocyst hair cells contact calcium carbonate particles, called statoconia, by interacting with motile cilia that project into the lumen of the statocyst from the apical region of the somas (Alkon, 1975).