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(vuh-lare-ee-en) ,


(trade name),


(trade name),


(trade name),


(trade name),

Belgium Valerian

(trade name),

Common Valerian

(trade name),

Fragrant Valerian

(trade name),

Garden Heliotrope

(trade name),

Garden Valerian

(trade name),

Indian Valerian

(trade name),

Mexican Valerian

(trade name),

Pacific Valerian

(trade name),


(trade name),


(trade name),

Valeriana officinalis

(trade name),

Valerianae radix

(trade name),

Valeriana rhizome

(trade name),


(trade name)


Therapeutic: antianxiety agents


May increase concentrations of the inhibitory CNS transmitter GABA.

Therapeutic effects

Improvement in sleep quality.


Absorption: Unknown.
Distribution: Unknown.
Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown.
Half-life: Unknown.

Time/action profile

PO30–60 min2 hrunknown


Contraindicated in: Pregnancy and lactation.
Use Cautiously in: Alcohol use (may have additive sedative effects); Surgery (discontinue use 2 weeks prior to elective procedures).

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

Central nervous system

  • drowsiness
  • headache


  • dry mouth


  • Benzodiazepine-like withdrawal symptoms with discontinuation after long-term use


Additive CNS depression with alcohol, antihistamines, anesthetic agentssedative hypnotics and other CNS depressants.Alcohol-containing preparations may interact with disulfiram and metronidazole.Additive sedative effects can occur when used with herbal supplements with sedative properties such as kava, l-tryptophan, melatonin, SAMe, and St. John's wort.
Oral (Adults) Tea—1 cup tea 1–5 times daily. Tea is made by steeping 2–3 g root in 150 mL boiling water for 5–10 min then straining. Tincture—1–3 mL 1–5 times daily. Extract—400–900 mg up to 2 hours before bedtime or 300–450 mg divided tid.


Capsules: OTC
Extract: OTC
Tea: OTC
Tincture: OTC

Nursing implications

Nursing assessment

  • Assess degree of anxiety and level of sedation prior to and periodically throughout therapy.
  • Assess sleep patterns.
  • Assess response in the elderly population where drowsiness and loss of balance may pose a significant risk for injury.

Potential Nursing Diagnoses

Anxiety (Indications)
Risk for injury (Side Effects)


  • Take one to two hours before bedtime if used for nighttime hypnotic.
  • Administer orally three to five times daily to control anxiety.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Encourage patients to avoid stimulants such as caffeine and to provide an environment that promotes restful sleep.
  • May cause drowsiness. Caution patient to avoid driving or other activities requiring alertness until response to drug is known.
  • Caution patient to avoid use of alcohol and other medications or herbals that have a sedative effect; may increase drowsiness.
  • Advise patients to discontinue 2 weeks prior to elective surgical procedures.
  • Inform patients not to take this herbal supplement if pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Notify patients that dependence with withdrawal symptoms may develop with prolonged use.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Decreased anxiety level.
  • Improvement in sleep with a feeling of restfulness without drowsiness upon awakening.




Any of several plants, such as self-heal or valerian, used in herbal medicine and reputed to have broad healing powers.


(1) Heal-all, see there; Prunella vulgaris.
(2) Valerian, see there; Valeriana officinalis.
References in periodicals archive ?
The hydroalcoholic extract of Stachys lavandulifolia also reduced the pain at 100, 200, 400 mg/kg that may be related to the presence of flavonoids [9].
Numerous species from the Lamiaceae familly have previously been reported to possess anxiolytic activity including Stachys tibetica, Stachys lavandulifolia, Salvia officinalis, Salvia elegans, Salvia, reuterana, and Scutellaria baicalensis (Rabbani et al.
The species of Stachys genus in traditional and local medicine have been explored for the treatment of genital tumors, spleen sclerosis, inflammatory tumors, and cancerous ulcers [21].
We've also used scented foliage such as artemisia and rosemary, as well as textured leaves such as furry Stachys (Lam children will love
The obvious ones are the reliance of plants that we still love that don't need a huge amount of water - anything with furry, silvery leaves such as stachys, verbascum and salvias or Mediterranean species rosemary, thyme and lavender.
In this idyllic setting with far-reaching views across the Colne Valley, the couple have created a delightful garden brimming with striking plants including ligularia, oriental poppies, echinops ritro, giant knapweed, alliums, hemerocallis, deep blue Veronicas and the soft silver foliage of stachys lanata.
LAMB'S EARS Stachys byzantina looks soft and gentle, but it's a lion of a groundcover.
Rock plants: Armeria maritima, aubrieta, dianthus alpinus, phlox subulata, stachys, osteospermum jucundum, erigeron karvinskianus, Iris pumila.
There are also some wonderful complementary foliage plants including Hosta Blue Moon and Stachys byzantina (lambs' ears), while Convolvulus cneorum bears funnel-shaped white flowers in spring and summer.
The thing that makes the whole scene so impressive is that it is tinted with silver and grey foliage, including the felty-leaved Stachys byzantina, grey-leaved sage and silvery thyme.
Gvydv Flamini et al (2005) study shows that the oil stachys aleuvites of Turkey stated that the main components of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons Btacariophilen (33/7%), no Syclojrmakrin (14/5%), and jermakrin-D January (6/9%), mono terpenes aLfapynn (8/4%).