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(vuh-lare-ee-en) ,


(trade name),


(trade name),


(trade name),


(trade name),

Belgium Valerian

(trade name),

Common Valerian

(trade name),

Fragrant Valerian

(trade name),

Garden Heliotrope

(trade name),

Garden Valerian

(trade name),

Indian Valerian

(trade name),

Mexican Valerian

(trade name),

Pacific Valerian

(trade name),


(trade name),


(trade name),

Valeriana officinalis

(trade name),

Valerianae radix

(trade name),

Valeriana rhizome

(trade name),


(trade name)


Therapeutic: antianxiety agents


May increase concentrations of the inhibitory CNS transmitter GABA.

Therapeutic effects

Improvement in sleep quality.


Absorption: Unknown.
Distribution: Unknown.
Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown.
Half-life: Unknown.

Time/action profile

PO30–60 min2 hrunknown


Contraindicated in: Pregnancy and lactation.
Use Cautiously in: Alcohol use (may have additive sedative effects); Surgery (discontinue use 2 weeks prior to elective procedures).

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

Central nervous system

  • drowsiness
  • headache


  • dry mouth


  • Benzodiazepine-like withdrawal symptoms with discontinuation after long-term use


Additive CNS depression with alcohol, antihistamines, anesthetic agentssedative hypnotics and other CNS depressants.Alcohol-containing preparations may interact with disulfiram and metronidazole.Additive sedative effects can occur when used with herbal supplements with sedative properties such as kava, l-tryptophan, melatonin, SAMe, and St. John's wort.
Oral (Adults) Tea—1 cup tea 1–5 times daily. Tea is made by steeping 2–3 g root in 150 mL boiling water for 5–10 min then straining. Tincture—1–3 mL 1–5 times daily. Extract—400–900 mg up to 2 hours before bedtime or 300–450 mg divided tid.


Capsules: OTC
Extract: OTC
Tea: OTC
Tincture: OTC

Nursing implications

Nursing assessment

  • Assess degree of anxiety and level of sedation prior to and periodically throughout therapy.
  • Assess sleep patterns.
  • Assess response in the elderly population where drowsiness and loss of balance may pose a significant risk for injury.

Potential Nursing Diagnoses

Anxiety (Indications)
Risk for injury (Side Effects)


  • Take one to two hours before bedtime if used for nighttime hypnotic.
  • Administer orally three to five times daily to control anxiety.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Encourage patients to avoid stimulants such as caffeine and to provide an environment that promotes restful sleep.
  • May cause drowsiness. Caution patient to avoid driving or other activities requiring alertness until response to drug is known.
  • Caution patient to avoid use of alcohol and other medications or herbals that have a sedative effect; may increase drowsiness.
  • Advise patients to discontinue 2 weeks prior to elective surgical procedures.
  • Inform patients not to take this herbal supplement if pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Notify patients that dependence with withdrawal symptoms may develop with prolonged use.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Decreased anxiety level.
  • Improvement in sleep with a feeling of restfulness without drowsiness upon awakening.
Drug Guide, © 2015 Farlex and Partners




Any of several plants, such as self-heal or valerian, used in herbal medicine and reputed to have broad healing powers.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.


(1) Heal-all, see there; Prunella vulgaris.
(2) Valerian, see there; Valeriana officinalis.
Segen's Medical Dictionary. © 2012 Farlex, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
En la Depresion del Balsas ubicada dentro de la Sierra Madre del Sur coinciden Asterohyptis, Hyptis, Salvia, Stachys y Vitex (Figs.
Geophytes include Stachys palustris L., Bromopsis inermis (Leyss.) Holub., Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski, and others.
Preliminary pharmacognostical and phytochemical evaluation of Stachys tibetica Vatke.
The collected full plants of Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl were separated into two parts of aerial organs (stem, leaf, petiole, and flower) and root.
La presencia de estos engrosamientos secundarios unido a la de esclereidas con el lumen ensanchado hacia el apice, son caracteres que comparte el genero Ballota con otros incluidos en la subfamilia Lamioideae como Stachys y Sideritis,o Marrubium (Ryding, 1994, 1995), entre los que parece existir cierta proximidad.
Hummelo looks nothing like some of the other members of the Stachys family that includes plants like lamb's ears, known for its fuzzy, silvery gray leaves.
But don't feel limited to the plants on these pages for the projects; you can also swap in other easy-to-find shimmery foliage, such as artemisia, lamb's ears (Stachys), and olive sprigs.
All are happy in sun or shade, although the pale colour of the flowers lends itself to mixing with the silver emerging leaves of artemisias and lambs' lugs or stachys lanata.
Gvydv Flamini et al (2005) study shows that the oil stachys aleuvites of Turkey stated that the main components of sesquiterpene hydrocarbons Btacariophilen (33/7%), no Syclojrmakrin (14/5%), and jermakrin-D January (6/9%), mono terpenes aLfapynn (8/4%).
And there's alchemilla mollis, Japanese anemones - especially the white varieties - aquilegias, astrantias, brunnera, campanula persicifolia, coreopsis verticillata, dicentra spectabilis, doronicum Miss Mason, echinops ritro, geraniums Wargrave, grandiflorum and Johnson's Blue, geum Mrs Bradshaw and Lady Stratheden, heleniums, hemerocallis or day lillies, lupins, lychnis coronaria, monarda, nepeta, phlox, pulmonarias, rudbeckias, sedum spectabile, sidalcea, stachys lanata and tradescantia.
Observaciones: El nombre de la especie es Stachys lavandulifolia Vahl, es actualmente valido y su autor, Martin Vahl, no debe llevar punto.