St. Louis encephalitis


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Related to St. Louis encephalitis: Japanese Encephalitis

St. Louis encephalitis

Encephalitis caused by the St. Louis arbovirus and carried by mosquitoes. It emerged during an epidemic in the summer of 1933 in and around St. Louis, Missouri. Now endemic in the U.S. (esp. Florida), Trinidad, Jamaica, Panama, and Brazil, it occurs most frequently during summer and early fall.
See also: encephalitis

St. Louis,

city in Missouri, where the disease was first observed in 1933.
St. Louis encephalitis - Synonym(s): St Louis syndrome
St. Louis syndrome - encephalitis. Synonym(s): St. Louis encephalitis
References in periodicals archive ?
Blood feeding and oviposition by Culex nigripalpus (Diptera: Culicidae) blood feeing and oviposition before, during and after a widespread St. Louis encephalitis epidemic in Florida.
Eleven cases of St. Louis encephalitis virus disease were reported from three states (Alabama, Arizona, and California) (Table 2).
Trailing far behind are eastern equine encephalitis virus at 0.04 per million, followed by Powassan virus and St. Louis encephalitis virus, tied at 0.01 cases of neuroinvasive disease per million individuals under age 18, he reported.
Viruses other than West Nile virus detected: S, St. Louis encephalitis virus; Y, yellow fever virus; D, dengue virus; F, unspecified flavivirus.
Experimental transmission of St. Louis encephalitis virus by Ochlerotatus j.
In a pilot study, he found Intron-A to be effective against St. Louis encephalitis. Intron-A is approved as a therapy for hepatitis.
Increased surveillance for the West Nile virus led to the detection of St. Louis encephalitis, he said.
The pathogen belongs to a family of viruses that can cause brain inflammation, such as Japanese encephalitis and North America's St. Louis encephalitis. West Nile virus had spread through Africa, the Middle East, and the warmer parts of Europe and Asia before it landed in New York.
WNV is closely related antigenically with Japanese encephalitis and St. Louis encephalitis. This can lead to laboratory misdiagnoses (discussed later).
* Complex includes: Alfuy, Cacipacore, Japanese encephalitis, Koutango, Kunjin, Murray Valley encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, Rocio, Stratford, Usutu, West Nile, and Yaounde viruses.
"West Nile encephalitis belongs to the same group of diseases as St. Louis encephalitis, the Flaviviridae family, and is named for the area in Uganda, Africa where it was first detected in the 1920s," said Dr.

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