St. Louis encephalitis


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to St. Louis encephalitis: Japanese Encephalitis

St. Louis encephalitis

[sānt lo̅o̅′is]
Etymology: St. Louis, Missouri; Gk, enkephalon, brain, itis, inflammation
a flavovirus infection of the brain transmitted from birds to humans by the bite of an infected mosquito. It occurs most commonly in the central and southern parts of the United States and is characterized by headache, malaise, fever, stiff neck, delirium, and convulsions. Sequelae may include visual and speech disturbances, difficulty in walking, and personality changes. Convalescence may be prolonged, and death may result. No antivirus agent or vaccine is available. Treatment is supportive. Compare California encephalitis, equine encephalitis. See also encephalitis.

St. Louis encephalitis

Encephalitis caused by the St. Louis arbovirus and carried by mosquitoes. It emerged during an epidemic in the summer of 1933 in and around St. Louis, Missouri. Now endemic in the U.S. (esp. Florida), Trinidad, Jamaica, Panama, and Brazil, it occurs most frequently during summer and early fall.
See also: encephalitis

St. Louis,

city in Missouri, where the disease was first observed in 1933.
St. Louis encephalitis - Synonym(s): St Louis syndrome
St. Louis syndrome - encephalitis. Synonym(s): St. Louis encephalitis

St. Louis encephalitis

see St. Louis encephalitis.
References in periodicals archive ?
Of the 18 mosquito-borne viruses, the state usually tests only for Western equine and St.
Multiplex qRT-PCR for the detection of western equine encephalomyelitis, St.
Muscle weakness is present in only a minority of patients with St.
Louis encephalitis virus and general arboviral panel) for 300 (40%) patients, WNV testing for 281 (37%) patients, general arboviral panel testing for 174 (23%) patients, and St.
Evaluation of a diagnostic algorithm using immunoglobulin M enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay to differentiate human West Nile virus and St.
West Nile virus is a flavivirus closely related to Japanese encephalitis, St.
The mosquito abatement district keeps eight chicken flocks around the valley to detect mosquito-borne viruses such as West Nile, St.
Japanese encephalitis (JE) virus: flavivirus antigenically related to St.
In the United States other mosquito transmitted viruses, such as West Nile virus and St.
It also destroys Culex quinquefasciatus, which carries the virus that causes St.
Pathogen testing in patient with undifferentiated severe sepsis, Minnesota, USA, 2014 * Serum sample Pathogen tested Acute phase HIV-1/-2 Ag/Ab screen negative Leptospira IgM/IgG negative Cryptococcus Antigen screen negative Anaplasma phagocytophilum IgG <1:64, PCR negative Ehrlichia chaffeensis IgG <1:64, PCR negative Ehrlichia ewingii/canis PCR negative Ehrlichia muris-like PCR negative Borrelia burgdorferi Ab screen negative Babesia microti IgG <1:64, PCR negative Babesia duncani PCR negative Babesia divergens strain MO-1 PCR negative West Nile virus IgM/IgG and PCR negative Eastern equine encephalitis virus IgM/IgG <1:10 Western equine encephalitis virus IgM/IgG <1:10 St.

Full browser ?