Genetic characterization of Spondweni and Zika viruses and susceptibility of geographically distinct strains of Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus and Culex quinquefasciatus (Diptera: Culicidae) to Spondweni virus
Zika virus is most closely related to the Spondweni virus
, (15) and next most closely related to DENV.
It is most closely related to the Spondweni virus
and is one of the two viruses in the Spondweni virus
The list of diseases and their references (many from PubMed) included in these charts is exhaustive and includes such illnesses and conditions as Spondweni virus
infection, coenurosis, philophthalmosis, and Wesselsbron disease.
Its closest relative is Spondweni virus
, the only other member of its clade (15,16).
Phylogenetic analyses rooted with Spondweni virus
showed that the Zika virus sequences (GenBank accession nos.
It is a single-stranded positive RNA virus (10,794-nt genome) that is closely related to the Spondweni virus
and is transmitted by many Aedes spp.
Louis encephalitis virus, YFV, Powassan virus, Semliki Forest virus, o'nyong-nyong virus, chikungunya virus, and Spondweni virus
Arbovirus antigens were produced by sucrose-acetone extraction (21) of brains from newborn mice inoculated intracerebrally with the following arboviruses: CHIKV (Bill 4 strain), o'nyong-nyong virus (ONNV) (MP 30), yellow fever virus (17D), dengue 1 virus (Mochizuki strain), dengue 2 virus (New Guinea C), dengue 3 virus (H87), dengue 4 virus (H-241), West Nile virus (NY 385/99), and Spondweni virus