cyprinoides were collected 154,740 parasites from five taxa, being two Protozoa species, the Ichthyophthirius multifiliis (Ciliophora) and Spironucleus sp.
Spironucleus species causes systemic spironucleosis in wild freshwater fish (salmonids, cichlids, anguilids and cyprinids) and marine fish (salmonids and gadids) from North America, Asia and Europe (POYNTON et al.
Primer registro del genero Spironucleus (Diplomonadida: Hexamitidae) em un pez Neotropical.
Evaluation of the effects of albendazole and metronidazole on the ultrastructure of Giardia duodenalis, Trichomonas vaginalis and Spironucleus
muris using transmission electron microscopy.
Interactions between the intestinal flagellates Giardia muris and Spironucleus
muris and the blood parasites Babesia microti, Plasmodiumyoelii and Plasmodium berghei in mice.
Pheasants carrying a light to moderate infection with Spironucleus
had significantly lower total protein, albumin, osmolality, sodium, chloride, calcium, and phosphorus.
Entamoeba histolytica and Spironucleus barkhanus have genes that encode short iron-dependent hydrogenases (Fe-hydrogenases), even though these protists lack hydrogenosomes.
histolytica, and Spironucleus Barkha nus (a diplomonad similar to G.
Four synapomorphies support the inclusion of Trepomonas, Hexamita, Spironucleus, Octomitus and Giardia in the suborder Diplomonadina (Fig.
Coincident with this loss of plasticity in the clade is the origin of structures that allow organisms to maintain a static position on intestinal epithelia, at least for species of Spironucleus (see Poynton and Morrison, 1990) and Giardia (see Cheissin, 1964; Brugerolle, 1975a).
Morphology of diplomonad flagellates: Spironucleus torosa n.