spirochaete

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Related to Spirochetes: Spirochetes disease

Spirochaete

An invalid taxonomic bacterial genus name [Bergey’s]; not in current use as a genus. The correct spelling of the genus is Spirochaeta.

spirochaete

A class of fine, spiral, highly motile bacteria. The three medically most important genera are the Treponema which includes the causal agent of syphilis T. pallidum ; the Leptospira , which includes L. icterohaemorrhagiae , the cause of leptospirosis; and the Borrelia , which include the cause of relapsing fever, B. recurrentis , and of Lyme disease, B. burgdorferi .
References in periodicals archive ?
As far back as 1998, a study already showed that spirochetes immediately give up their spirochete-form and shift into the "round body" shape when they get in contact with spinal fluid (Brorson, & Brorson, 1998).
Case report: a retrospective serological analysis indicating human exposure to tick-borne relapsing fever spirochetes in Texas.
In all biopsies, the hematoxylin-eosin-stained sections revealed a thickened and shaggy basophilic band on the apical cell membrane of the colorectal epithelium; Warthin-Starry stain demonstrated numerous spirochetes (Figure, A and B).
burgdorferi spirochetes undergo striking variations in the expression of antigens, and migrate from the tick midgut to its salivary glands [20, 33-35].
Six confirmed cases (four by visualization of spirochetes on blood smear and isolation and two by visualization of spirochetes alone) and five probable cases were identified (attack rate: 24%).
Mutans, Gram -ve cocci like Neisseria, Gram +ve rods like Actinomyces Israeli, Corynebacterium, Gram -ve rods like Bacteroid Melanogenicus, Bacteroid Intermedius, Spirochetes like Treponema Microdentium, Treponema Ovale.
miyamotoi spirochetes are more likely to be seen in blood smears than are their burgdorferi cousins.
33) isolated Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato complex spirochetes from ticks in Missouri, suggesting these organisms may already be present in more southern areas.
A confirmed case was defined as a person who had both febrile illness and detection of spirochetes by Wright-Giemsa stained peripheral thin and thick blood smear microscopic investigation that was obtained from peripheral finger prick blood.
The nymphal stage of the blacklegged tick, Ixodes scapularis, is the principal vector of the Lyme disease spirochete (Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto); it has been a focus of research on methods for tick control for prevention of Lyme disease.
1) IS is a rare disease wherein gram negative bacteria belonging to the Spirochetes species infect the gastrointestinal tract.
Spirochetes penetrate the human skin in 48 hours after the bite from infected ticks, and after 72 hours, there are 100% risk of spirochete infection [4].