Spirillum


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Related to Spirillum: Spirillum volutans

Spirillum

 [spi-ril´um]
a genus of gram-negative, spiral, and curved bacteria, including one species, S. mi´nus, that is pathogenic for guinea pigs, rats, mice, and monkeys and is the cause of rat-bite fever in humans.

spirillum

 [spi-ril´um] (L.)
1. a spiral-shaped bacterium.
2. a member of the genus Spirillum.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

Spirillum

(spī-ril'ŭm),
A genus of large (1.4-1.7 mcm in diameter), rigid, helical, gram-negative bacteria (family Spirillaceae) that are motile by means of bipolar fascicles of flagella. These freshwater organisms are obligately microaerophilic and chemoorganotrophic, possessing a strictly respiratory metabolism; they neither oxidize nor ferment carbohydrates. The type species is Spirillum volutans.
[Mod. L. dim. of L. spira, coil, fr. G. speira]

spi·ril·lum

, pl.

spi·ril·la

(spī-ril'ŭm, -ă),
A member of the genus Spirillum.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

spirillum

(spī-rĭl′əm)
n. pl. spi·rilla (-rĭl′ə)
1. Any of several aerobic bacteria of the genus Spirillum, having an elongated spiral form and bearing tufts of flagellae.
2. Any of various other spiral-shaped bacteria, especially one formerly classified in this genus.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Spi·ril·lum

(spī-ril'ŭm)
A genus of rigid, helical, gram-negative bacteria that are motile by means of bipolar tufts of flagella.
[Mod. L. dim. of L. spira, coil, fr. G. speira]

spi·ril·lum

, pl. spirilla (spī-ril'ŭm, -ă)
A member of the genus Spirillum.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

spirillum

  1. any spiral-shaped bacterial cell (see BACTERIUM).
  2. any SPECIES or STRAIN of the GENUS Spirillum.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

Spi·ril·lum

(spī-ril'ŭm)
A genus of large, rigid, helical, gram-negative bacteria that are motile using bipolar fascicles of flagella.
[Mod. L. dim. of L. spira, coil, fr. G. speira]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
Overall biological activity can be measured by the amount of carbon dioxide emitted and, more analytically, by drawing up an inventory and count of 1) the mesofauna (nematodes, annelid worms, microarthropods, arachnids, apterygote and pterygote insects, myriapods, isopod and decapod crustaceans, rotifers, tardigrades, molluscs), 2) the microbiota (protoctists and the microorganisms that perform the essential processes of denitrification, ammonification, and nitrification; the other bacteria; and microsymbionts like Rhizobium, Klebsiella, Spirillum, or Azospirillum), and 3) the mycota (fungi and lichens).
Physiological basis of the selective advantage of a Spirillum species in a carbon-limited environment.
~ ~ Gastrointestinal ~ Borrelia canis ~ Candida albicans tract ~ Campylobacter ~ (in kittens)cans ~ Salmonella ~ Salmonellas)cans ~ Entgeric bacteria, ~ Salmonellas)cans ~ other (possibly) ~ Salmonellas)cans ~ Spirillum sp.
Acetylene reduction (nitrogen fixation) associated with corn inoculated with Spirillum. Appl.
Physiological aspects of N2 fixation by a Spirillum from Digitaria roots.
Cristispira in North America shellfish: a note on a spirillum found in oysters.
Although Borrel did not work extensively with spirochetes, he published several articles on Spirillum (now Borrelia) gallinarum.
moniliformis and spirillary RBF by Spirillum minus (2,3).