Occasionally, the patient noticed cutaneous bruising over the L2 and L3 spinous processes
, particularly following training sessions that included kip-ups requiring direct impact of the thoracolumbar spine on the floor.
The device has an oval core that is positioned between two spinous processes
and is secured to the interspinous ligament by two lateral wings (Yi & McPherson, 2010).
35) (aedeagus slender with three spinous processes
at apex in T.
The supraspinous ligaments are attached to the tips of the spinous processes
and overlie the interspinous ligaments (Moore & Dalley 1999).
The X STOP is a titanium device that fits between the spinous processes
of the symptomatic lumbar levels.
The lateral lumbar spine includes the intervertebral foramina, lateral view of the vertebral bodies and their alignment, the spinous processes
and partial lateral view of the sacrum.
Due to the contour of the thoracic laminae and general orientation of the articular processes the zygapophysial joints appear to lie flat, close to the spinous processes
with the prominent costotransverse joints lying more laterally (Figure 1).
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the cervical spine demonstrated an enhancing mass that involved the posterior aspects of C5 plus an abnormal signal within the adjacent spinous processes
Figure 20-3 Sheep body condition scoring (Thompson & Meyer) Condition 1 (Emaciated) Spinous processes
are sharp and prominent.
Spherical markers have also been directly adhered to the skin over spinous processes
in order to obtain gross spinal kinematic information (Friedrich, Kranzl, Heiller, Kirtley, & Cermak, 2000; Gram & Hasan, 1999).
He considered that this change is secondary to mechanical factors, acting during the neck flexion, when the thick nuchal ligament is subjected to pressure and trauma as it passes over the spinous processes
of the cervical vertebrae.