spinal dysraphism

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Related to spinal dysraphism: Meleney ulcer

spinal dysraphism

a general term used to describe a collection of congenital abnormalities that include defects in the vertebrae, and spinal cord or nerve roots.

spi·nal dys·raph·ism

(spī'năl dis-rāf'izm)
A general term used to describe a collection of congenital abnormalities that include defects in the vertebrae and underlying spine or nerve roots.


incomplete closure of a raphe, e.g. of the neural tube. The defect may be complete or partial.

spinal dysraphism
an inherited defect in Weimaraner dogs and reported in many other breeds. From an early age, affected puppies show varying degrees of 'bunny hopping', symmetrical and simultaneous use of the back legs, often overextending them before stepping forward. More severe defects have associated musculoskeletal abnormalities and may be a cause of perinatal death.
sternal dysraphism
congenital split of the sternum; may be associated with peritoneopericardial diaphragmatic hernia.
References in periodicals archive ?
66 patients who presented with various neurological problems and skin stigmata suspicious of spinal dysraphism were referred to our department in Osmania General Hospital and underwent Magnetic Resonance Imaging of the spine in a time period from May 2012 to September 2014 were included in our study.
Conclusion: Spinal dysraphism is the most common cause of neurogenic bladder in children up to 15 years of age and myelomeningocele, meningocele and sacral agenesis comprised more than 60% of such cases.
Faun tail: diagnosis of occult spinal dysraphism with a rare cutaneous marker.
Results: All 74 (100%) patients suspected of spinal dysraphism showed one or multiple abnormalities out of the whole spectrum on plain MRI spine.
The open system of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation resulting from open spinal dysraphism (with fluid production in the ventricular system and passage down and out through the spinal defect) is thought to play a central role in hindbrain descent and subsequent hydrocephalus.
In contrast, like other lumbosacral skin lesions, the caudal appendages mostly occurring with spina bifida occulta or spinal dysraphism are pseudo-tails.
Practitioners who are not suspicious of occult spinal dysraphism may overlook the primary problem of tethered cord, causing their patients to undergo unnecessary surgeries on the spine, bladder, and extremities.
Secondly, to rule out the real chance of underlying spinal dysraphism.
In occult spinal dysraphism, spinal lipomas and dermal sinus tracks are the most common disorders presenting as clinical problems.
By definition, occult spinal dysraphism (OSD) is characterised by intact overlying skin, although most patients have some form of cutaneous stigmata.
DISCUSSION: Spinal dysraphism is defined as the defect in the development and closure of the ectodermal, mesodermal or neuro ectodermal tissues of the spine.
He had good sphincter tone and examination of his back did not reveal any stigmata of a spinal dysraphism.