quadriplegia

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quadriplegia

 [kwod″rĭ-ple´jah]
paralysis of all four limbs; motor and/or sensory function in the cervical spinal segments is impaired or lost due to damage to that part of the spinal cord, resulting in impaired function in the upper limbs, lower limbs, trunk, and pelvic organs. This term does not include conditions due to brachial plexus lesions or to injuries of peripheral nerves outside the spinal canal. Called also tetraplegia. adj., adj quadriple´gic.
Patient Care. The quadriplegic patient has major sensory and motor deficits and is therefore subject to the many problems associated with immobility and loss of sensation. (See hazards of immobility.) The immediate goal of care is the prevention of complications that can affect all body systems, and maintenance of the integrity of the body systems so that optimum rehabilitation can be achieved. The extent to which the patient may eventually achieve mobility in a wheelchair and some degree of independence is greatly affected by the caliber of care received and the motivation and drive of the individual patient.

Mechanical devices such as braces are helpful in compensating for the loss of muscular function. physical therapy procedures and techniques and occupational therapy are essential aspects of patient care and are vital to the attainment of the goals of rehabilitation. (See also paraplegia.)

Patient education is especially important to the long-range goal of prevention of serious complications. Patients and their families should be aware of the early signs and symptoms of breakdown of the skin (pressure ulcer), fecal impaction, a developing infection, and urinary difficulties. As with any type of long-term care, these patients should be medically evaluated periodically and their care should be under the supervision of a visiting nurse. In spite of the many difficulties that may be encountered by paralyzed patients, it is possible for them to lead useful and personally rewarding lives.
Quadriplegia.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

qua·dri·ple·gi·a

(kwah'dri-plē'jē-ă),
Paralysis of all four limbs.
Synonym(s): tetraplegia
[quadri- + G. plēgē, stroke]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

quadriplegia

(kwŏd′rə-plē′jə, -jē-ə)
n.
Complete paralysis of the body from the neck down. Also called tetraplegia.

quad′ri·ple′gic adj. & n.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

quadriplegia

Neurology Paralysis of both arms and both legs, as seen in a high spinal cord accident or stroke. See Spinal cord injury, Stroke.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

quad·ri·ple·gi·a

(kwahd'ri-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of all four limbs.
Synonym(s): tetraplegia.
[L. quadrus, four + G. plēgē, stroke]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

quadriplegia

Paralysis of the muscles of both arms, both legs and of the trunk. Quadriplegia results from severe spinal cord damage in the neck, usually as a result of a fracture-dislocation, but sometimes as a result of neurological disease.
Collins Dictionary of Medicine © Robert M. Youngson 2004, 2005

Quadriplegia

Paralysis of all four limbs.
Mentioned in: Cerebral Palsy
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

quad·ri·ple·gi·a

(kwahd'ri-plē'jē-ă)
Paralysis of all four limbs.
[L. quadrus, four + G. plēgē, stroke]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012
References in periodicals archive ?
[8] The findings of this study are consistent with previous studies, reinforcing that children with hemiplegic CP are not likely to require mobility aids, while those patients with spastic quadriplegia are more likely to need augmentative interventions.
Students of the Rashid Pediatric Therapy Centre, the boys have been attending the school for physiological and occupational therapies that treat their rare condition of spastic quadriplegia. "They are happy, friendly children and like all brothers at this age, they are thick as thieves.
Many of these children will manifest a rapidly progressive neurological deterioration, resulting in spastic quadriplegia (Gay, et al.
George has cerebral palsy and spastic quadriplegia.
At birth, Taylor suffered from "meconium aspiration syndrome" and "bradycardia/birth asphyxia." This caused Taylor to suffer from "spastic quadriplegia related to encephalomalacia resulting from perinatal hypoxia and ischemia," or cerebral palsy.
But, James Badenoch QC told Mr Justice Gray at the High Court in London, neurological problems gradually appeared and Bobby was found to suffer from spastic quadriplegia - a very severe form of cerebral palsy.
Inclusion criteria were: (a) medical diagnosis of CP, spastic quadriplegia, or diplegia; (b) no other medical complications, such as seizures or hydrocephalus; (c) normal intelligence as documented by a psychologist; (d) normal spine and hip roentgenograms; (e) passive hip abduction to at least 20 degrees bilaterally as measured in the supine position; (f) passive hamstring muscle mobility to at least 60 degrees of hip flexion by a straight leg test; and (g) functional ability to sit and stand alone or with minimal support.
Zoe was also confirmed as having spastic quadriplegia - the most severe form which means even chewing and swallowing food is difficult.
Born three months premature, Mungai has spastic quadriplegia, a type of cerebral palsy affecting fine motor skills.
Casey was born with severe epilepsy, cerebral palsy and spastic quadriplegia and has required constant care.
Akaab's youngest child is now 5 years old and has also been diagnosed with spastic quadriplegia, the most severe form of cerebral palsy, which makes it hard for her to walk on her own and requires constant attention and care.