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a synthetic, broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent.
sparfloxacin/spar·flox·a·cin/ (spahr-flok´sah-sin) a synthetic, broad-spectrum antimicrobial agent.
indications It is used to treat community-acquired pneumonia and chronic bronchitis caused by Klebsiella pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, H. parainfluenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis.
contraindications Known hypersensitivity to quinolones and photosensitivity prohibit its use.
adverse effects Life-threatening effects are leukopenia and pseudomembranous colitis. Other adverse effects are eosinophilia, anemia, flatulence, diarrhea, QT interval prolongation, vasodilation, rash, pruritus, and photosensitivity. Common side effects are headache, dizziness, insomnia, nausea, vomiting, and abdominal pain.