somatization

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somatization

 [so″mah-tĭ-za´shun]
in psychiatry, the conversion of mental experiences or states into bodily symptoms.
somatization disorder a somatoform disorder characterized by multiple vague, recurring somatic complaints that cannot be fully explained by any known general medical condition or the direct effect of a chemical substance, but are not intentionally feigned or produced; it usually begins before age 30 and persists for several years. The patient may simply complain of being ill or may have specific symptoms, but the complaints will include a combination of at least multiple pain symptoms, multiple gastrointestinal symptoms, a sexual symptom, and a neurological symptom. Typical complaints include double vision, fainting, abdominal pain, bowel problems, painful menstruation, and sexual indifference. The complaints are often presented in a dramatic and exaggerated manner, but the patient is vague about their exact nature. The patient may visit many health care providers, sometimes several simultaneously, and undergo numerous diagnostic procedures, unnecessary treatments, and even surgery. Most such patients are anxious and depressed and have difficulty in personal relationships; many have traits of histrionic personality disorder. They are seldom free of symptoms in spite of frequent medical attention; in fact, the repeated, unnecessary diagnostic procedures or surgery may only add to their suffering. The outlook for these patients is poor. Called also Briquet's syndrome.

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'ma-ti-zā'shŭn),
The process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms; for example, the expression or conversion into physical symptoms of anxiety, or a wish for material gain associated with a legal action following an injury, or a related psychological need.
See also: somatization disorder.

somatization

(sō′mə-tĭ-zā′shən)
n.
The presentation of physical symptoms that cannot be fully explained by the presence of a medical condition, often associated with stress, anxiety, or other psychological factors.

somatization

Psychology A multifactorial tendency to experience and report somatic Sx with no pathophysiologic cause

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'mă-tī-zā'shŭn)
The process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms.
See also: somatization disorder

Somatization

Anxiety converted into physical symptoms. Somatization is a sign of panic disorder.
Mentioned in: Palpitations

so·ma·ti·za·tion

(sō'mă-tī-zā'shŭn)
Process by which psychological needs are expressed in physical symptoms; e.g., expression or conversion into physical symptoms of anxiety, or by a wish for material gain associated with legal action following an injury, or a related psychological need.

Patient discussion about somatization

Q. Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey? Can depression cause your sight to narrow and your vision to be very spacey? If not what else may be the factor? If it did not seem to be that you were actually losing your vision and that you needed glasses.

A. Depression may be part of a wider problem. Perhps stress headaches or migraine headaches or something like that is causing the vision problem. Tension will cause your muscles to lock up. Some of the tension headaches I have had made me think I was not seeing so good. It was like a pain all the way around and across the top of my nead. My doctor readily recognized that symptom and gave me a presscription for them, and it has worked well on them, something called Dolgic.

More discussions about somatization
References in periodicals archive ?
Keywords: Academic stress, SISCO inventory, Psychometrics, Somatisation, Coping.
Determinants of symptoms in functional dyspepsia: gastric sensorimotor function, psychosocial factors or somatisation? Gut 2008;57(12):1666-73.
Independent t-tests were conducted to compare means and standard deviation scores for PTS+ and PTS- groups, to evaluate differences between the groups on scores for posttraumatic stress, anxiety, depression and somatisation. A series of twoway ANOVAs were conducted to compare the PTS+ and PTS- groups by race, grade and sex.
Alexithymic and somatisation scores in patients with temporomandibular pain disorder correlate with deficits in facial emotion recognition.
Anxiety is an emotion which prepares someone for a threatening situation and latent danger 5 and often anxiety disorder may precede or increase the risk for developing depression.6,7 According to Diagnostic and Statistical Manual for Mental Disorders (DSM), depression, anxiety, distress and somatisation are four dimensions of psychiatric symptoms.
Let us imagine that you have explored the patient's emotional state and you decide the increased pain is not due to somatisation. Careful examination reveals no evidence of further disease progression.
Writers who followed Freud in this area of psychopathology, whether they were contesting or supporting Freud's ideas, were all paving the way for contemporary questions concerning the distinction or overlap between conversion and somatisation.
In current research coefficient alphas were determined as 0.81 for anxiety, 0.84 for somatisation, and 0.90 for depression.
Somatisation in primary care patients is a common and disabling condition found in the populations of all countries and cultures studied.
This phenomenon is called somatisation (from the Greek word "soma", meaning body).
He elaborates this by references to an example of his own somatisation, and to Anzieu's theory of a skin ego.
Although, some assessment tools claim to measure some specific aspects of somatic symptoms e.g., Screening for Somatoform Symptoms Scale (SOMS-7),5 World Health Organisation (WHO) Screening Scales,6 Somatisation Scale of the Symptoms Checklist (SCL-90-R) and the Hypochondriasis scale of the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI).7 But all of these scales exclude either many of the somatic symptoms are outmoded and their suitability for assessing different somatic symptoms disorder is questionable.