soma

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soma

 [so´mah]
1. the body as distinguished from the mind.
2. the body tissue as distinguished from the germ cells.
3. the cell body. adj., adj so´mal, somat´ic.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

carisoprodol

Soma

Pharmacologic class: Carbamate derivative

Therapeutic class: Centrally acting skeletal muscle relaxant

Controlled substance schedule IV (in some states)

Pregnancy risk category C

Action

Unknown. May modify central perception of pain without modifying pain reflexes. Skeletal muscle relaxation may result from sedative properties or from inhibition of activity in descending reticular formation and spinal cord.

Availability

Tablets: 250 mg, 350 mg

Indications and dosages

Adjunctive treatment of muscle spasms associated with acute painful musculoskeletal conditions

Adults: 350 mg P.O. q.i.d.

Relief of discomfort associated with acute painful musculoskeletal conditions

Adults: 250 to 350 mg P.O. t.i.d. and at bedtime

Contraindications

• Hypersensitivity to drug or meprobamate

• Porphyria or suspected porphyria

Precautions

Use cautiously in:

• severe hepatic or renal disease

• history of substance abuse

• pregnant or breastfeeding patients

• children ages 12 and younger.

Administration

• Give last daily dose at bedtime.

• Administer with food if GI upset occurs.

• If patient can't swallow tablets, mix with syrup, chocolate, or jelly.

Adverse reactions

CNS: dizziness, drowsiness, agitation, ataxia, depression, headache, insomnia, vertigo, tremor, depression

CV: hypotension, tachycardia

GI: nausea, vomiting, epigastric distress

Hematologic: eosinophilia, leukopenia

Respiratory: asthma attacks

Skin: flushing (especially of face), rash, pruritus, erythema multiforme

Other: hiccups, fever, psychological drug dependence, anaphylactic shock

Interactions

Drug-drug. Antihistamines, opioids, sedative-hypnotics: additive CNS depression

Drug-diagnostic tests. Eosinophils: increased count

Drug-herbs. Chamomile, hops, kava, skullcap, valerian: increased CNS depression

Drug-behaviors. Alcohol use: increased CNS depression

Patient monitoring

• When giving to breastfeeding patient, watch for signs of sedation and GI upset in infant.

• Monitor range of motion, stiffness, and discomfort level.

• Know that drug is metabolized to meprobamate. Monitor for drug dependence, especially in patients with history of substance abuse.

Patient teaching

• Tell patient that psychological drug dependence may occur.

• Instruct patient to avoid over-the-counter drugs and alcohol, because they may increase CNS depression.

• Caution patient to avoid driving and other hazardous activities until he knows how drug affects concentration and alertness.

• As appropriate, review all other significant and life-threatening adverse reactions and interactions, especially those related to the drugs, tests, herbs, and behaviors mentioned above.

McGraw-Hill Nurse's Drug Handbook, 7th Ed. Copyright © 2013 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

so·ma

(sō'mă),
1. The axial part of the body, that is, head, neck, trunk, and tail, excluding the limbs.
See also: body.
2. All of an organism with the exception of the germ cells.
See also: body.
3. The body of a nerve cell, from which axons and dendrites project.
[G. sōma, body]
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

soma

(sō′mə)
n. pl. so·mata (-mə-tə) or so·mas
1. The entire body of an organism, exclusive of the germ cells.
2. See cell body.
3. The body of an individual as contrasted with the mind or psyche.
The American Heritage® Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2007, 2004 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.

Soma®

Carisoprodol and meprobamate, see there.
McGraw-Hill Concise Dictionary of Modern Medicine. © 2002 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

so·ma

(sō'mă)
1. The axial part of the body, i.e., head, neck, trunk, and tail, excluding the limbs.
2. All of an organism with the exception of the germ cells.
See also: body
3. The body of a nerve cell, from which axons and dendrites project.
[G. sōma, body]
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

soma

the body of an animal excluding the germinal cells that give rise to the gametes.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005

so·ma

(sō'mă)
1. Axial part of the body, i.e., head, neck, trunk, and tail, excluding limbs.
2. All of an organism except germ cells.
[G. sōma, body]
Medical Dictionary for the Dental Professions © Farlex 2012

Patient discussion about soma

Q. what are the side effects from taking soma and flexerill together? the person who takes it is almost comatos for a couple of hours. What is a substition?

A. Both medication cause drowsiness in high frequency and both are not recommended together with other medications that may cause drowsiness. However, I know practically nothing about the patient in this case, so in my opinion consulting his or her doctor may be wise - trying to solve this problem over the net is both inaccurate and irresponsible in my opinion,

Take care,

More discussions about soma
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