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Water lowers the solidus temperatures in the mantle and crust because it weakens mineral structures.
At present, the lack of data on the mechanical behavior and properties of common steel alloys at temperatures near the solidus temperature makes the selection of a plastic strain model difficult.
As shown, the area where the hot tear develops is at this time either just solidified or slightly above the solidus temperature.
The part of the casting where the material is between the liquidus and the solidus temperatures (the mushy zone) can be divided into three different regions with different properties.
When the refractory lining in an inductor comes into contact with molten iron for the first time, the iron flows into the voids around the refractory grains and continues to do so until the temperature of the leading edge of the molten iron decreases to the solidus temperature of 2010F (1099C), at which it freezes.
While the premise that saturation will continue until the temperature of the leading edge of the saturating iron decreased to the solidus temperature is correct, the data presented in Fig.
From the liquidus and solidus temperatures of a tellurium-treated sample, the carbon and silicon can be estimated.
An instrument immediately records the changes in thermocouple potential with elapsed time and, moments after the sample has solidified, it indicates the carbon eqivalent, carbon and silicon contents and the liquidous and solidus temperatures.
Thus, the essential information, namely about precipitation of C into graphite, isn't available and only the liquidus and solidus temperatures are recorded.
The rate is important in terms of hydrogen distribution and the period that the alloy spends between the liquidus and solidus temperatures.
One example is to predict liquidus and solidus temperatures in steel alloys having up to 10 elements.