Solanum


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Related to Solanum: Solanum nigrum

Solanum

[sō·lā′nəm]
Etymology: L, nightshade
a large genus of plants of the family Solanaceae. It includes the potato, tomato, eggplant, several of the nightshades, and many poisonous and medicinal species.

Solanum

a widespread plant genus of the family Solanaceae which contains a number of valuable crop plants but also some poisonous ones. Poisoning may be due to (1) the presence in the plant of toxic glycoalkaloids which cause diarrhea, (2) alkamines, e.g. nitrosamines, which cause neuromuscular signs of incoordination, and the 'crazy cow' syndrome, or (3) calcinogenic glycosides which cause excessive deposition of calcium in tissues.
Solanaceous plants which may cause diarrhea syndrome include Solanum aculeastrum, S. americanum, S. aviculare, S. capsiciforme, S. capsicoides, S. carolinense, S. cinereum, S. dulcamara, S. elaeagnifolium, S. incanum, S. laciniatum, S. mauritianum, S. melongena, S. nigrum, S. panduriforme, S. pseudocapsicum, S. quadriloculatum, S. rostratum, S. seaforthianum, S. simile, S. sturtianum, S. symonii, S. triflorum, S. vescum.
Solanaceous plants which cause nervous syndromes include Solanum bonariensis, S. dimidiatum, S. fastigiatum, S. kwebense, S. luederitzii, S. lycopersicum, S. tenuiramosum, S. upingtoniae.
Solanaceous plants causing calcinosis include S. linneanum (S. hermanii, S. sodomaeum), S. malocoxylon (S. glaucophyllum), S. torvum.
Solanaceous plants causing miscellaneous syndromes include S. carolinense (inflammation of the mouth and esophagus), S. tuberosum (the common potato), which can cause carbohydrate engorgement. Eating of large quantities over a long period causes dermatitis of the lower limbs. Greened and sprouted potato tubers contain solanine and cause poisoning if fed without cooking or paring.
References in periodicals archive ?
Solanum lycocarpum tambem apresenta anteras poricidas, uma caracteristica marcante em muitas especies da familia, especialmente as pertencentes ao genero Solanum, o que restringe o numero de visitantes, pois e necessario um mecanismo de vibracao para a liberacao dos graos de polen (Bezerra e Machado, 2003), como aquele realizado por algumas especies de abelhas.
In vitro regeneration of Solanum nigrum with enhanced solasodine production.
The Roots of Solanum nigrum are used to cure cough, asthma, bronchitis, chest pain, laxative, phlegmatic, antispasmodic, chest pain and diuretic.
The aim of the study was to evaluate whether the fruit of Solanum indicum had anti-diabetic and renoprotective activity.
lilium prefirio el consumo de frutos de plantas de Solanum (58% de la dieta) complementada con frutos de Philodendron, mientras que C.
Two Gram positive bacteria (Bacillus subtilis MTCC-441 and Staph loco ecus aureus MTCC-9760) and Two gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli MTCC-1563 and Pseudomonas aureginosa MTCC-8076) was procured from Institute of Microbial technology Chandigarh along with one fungi Candida albicans for study the antimicrobial activity of HAE of Solanum xanthocarpum.
Contradictory results have been reported with the use of another species of Solanum, S.
Among the medicinally important species of Solanaceae, Solanum nigrum L.
BEV NORRIS AI'M afraid the plant is solanum dulcamara, lesser nightshade.