ART

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ART

 

ART

Accredited Record Technician; automated reagin test; assisted reproductive technology.

ART

abbr.
assisted reproductive technology

ART

abbreviation for active resistance training.

ART

Anturane Reinfarction Trial. A clinical trial comparing sulfinpyrazone to placebo in the first month post acute myocardial infarction; the sponsors trumpeted its alleged cardiovascular benefits—a 32% reduction in cardiac mortality rate, almost entirely due to a reduction in sudden death in the first 6 months, which occurred because the drug sponsor carved a subgroup out of the data set.
Per the FDA, "We are aware that it is unusual for an FDA critique of a clinical trial to be published in the medical literature. We believe that it is important in this instance, however, because … it illustrates so clearly the problems that may arise from subgroup analyses and exclusion of patients from analysis after they have completed a study … Our review … indicates that the cause-of-death classification and all conclusions based on it are unreliable, and that the favorable effect of sulfinpyrazone on overall mortality, especially during the first six months, depends heavily on the after-the-fact exclusion of certain deaths from the analysis”.

ART

1. Antiretroviral therapy, see there.
2. Assisted reproductive technology, see there.

ART

Abbreviation for acoustic reflex threshold.
References in periodicals archive ?
The root of the problem is not that the Federal Circuit has failed to deploy in the software arts the well-developed doctrinal tools for curtailing patent scope that it already uses in other arts.
First, it identifies the principal mechanism through which patent doctrine allows judges and examiners to successfully curtail permissible claim scope in technological arts other than the software arts.
It is this mismatch that gives rise to the functionality malfunction and that leads to overbroad claims in the software arts.
Only then can the import of the principle's inefficacy in the software arts be fully appreciated.
The proliferation of overbroad claims in the software arts has not occurred because the Federal Circuit failed to port well-developed patent doctrine over to the software arts in an intelligent manner.
The functionality malfunction places judges and examiners between a rock (too little protection) and a hard place (too much protection) in the software arts.
This type of functional claim would routinely be invalidated for overbreadth in other arts, but the functionality malfunction has made it the norm in the software arts.
The functionality malfunction, and thus the problem of software-patent overbreadth, results from a clash between the legal importance of the structural properties of an invention in patent doctrine and the technological irrelevance of those properties in the software arts.
The functionality malfunction in the software arts explains why the traditional policy lever for curtailing the scope of functional claims, namely the invention-structure equation, has not to date been widely used in the software arts.
Although the invention-structure equation curbs permissible claim (216) it cannot scope and invalidates purely functional claims in most arts, curtail functional claiming in the software arts because there are no physical, structural properties that contribute to the identity of a software invention.
Robert Weissman, a 15-year veteran of the software industry with a successful string of over 30 product launches for companies such as Javelin Software Group and Software Arts, the makers of Visicalc(R).

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