Out-of-pocket expenditure was then compared for different socio-economic groups
of the patients, utilising the following proxy indicators: (36,37) 24 related to household ownership of consumer durables (ear, mat, mobile phone, refrigerator, and television) and 19 related to household dwelling (main source of drinking water, main source of lighting and toilet facilities).
Figure 30: Usage of eye make-up, NI and RoI, by age, socio-economic group
, marital status and working status, 2003 and 2006
Figure 39: Most popular media regularly used to follow sport, by gender, age, socio-economic group
, marital status, lifestage, presence of children, household income, region, media usage and supermarket usage, November 2006
Figure 29: Children's lunchtime eating habits, by age, socio-economic group
, marital and working status, August 2006
Figure 13: Frequency of visiting a pub to drink in, by gender, age, socio-economic group
, marital and working status, detailed lifestage and age of own children, June 2006
Figure 29: Obtained new or second-hand (only car or most recently obtained car), by age and socio-economic group
The research also found that people from lower socio-economic groups
were much less likely to complain about the police than those in the professional or managerial classes.
More young men aged 20-24 are smoking cigarettes - 43 per cent in 1996 compared with 37 per cent in 1988, while men in households headed by someone in an unskilled manual socio-economic group
are over four times more likely to smoke (45 per cent) than those in households headed by professionals (11 per cent).
The research, which looks at consumers attitudes to online banking, has been overlaid with CAMEO UK to get a deeper understanding into how consumer behaviour varies across different socio-economic groups
Those in the AB socio-economic groups
, which include higher managerial, administrative or professional occupations, are most likely to be in favour of the UK accepting a proportionate share of refugees, with almost two-thirds of this opinion (63% compared with 46% overall).
Rates of low birthweight are higher in less advantaged socio-economic groups
and are particularly linked to a number of negative health behaviours such as poor prenatal care, substance abuse and poor nutrition.
Philippe Casgrain, vice president, Europe, Middle East and Africa, systems division at Bombardier Transportation, said: "When public transit is attractive and reliable, then all socio-economic groups
can be encouraged to move from road to rail.