Smooth muscles


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Smooth muscles

Muscles that surround the linings of the digestive system, airways, and circulatory system.
Mentioned in: Creatine Kinase Test
Gale Encyclopedia of Medicine. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Leiomyomas (LMAs) are benign tumors of smooth muscle phenotype.
The study showed that during an asthmatic episode, the smooth muscle cells from obese patients contract more than smooth muscle cells in nonobese patients.
Caption: Figure 4: Immunohistochemical findings of a section of the hamartoma showing fascicles of smooth muscles with smoothmuscle actin immunoreactivity (original magnification x100).
Human Stomach Smooth Muscles. The use of human resected stomach tissues was approved by the Human Subjects Research Committees at the Renown Regional Medical Center and the Biomedical Institutional Review Board at the University of Nevada, Reno, and was conducted in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki (revised version, October 2008, Seoul, South Korea).
Asthma is an inflammatory disease in which proinflammatory cytokines have a role in inducing abnormalities of airway smooth muscle (ASM) function and in the development of airway hyperresponsiveness (AHR).
Leiomyoma is a benign smooth muscle tumor that can be observed at any region but is mostly observed in the female genital tract.
Background: The calcium clearance and reactive oxygen species (ROS) generations in the coronary artery smooth muscle cells in chronic heart failure (HF) have not been fully investigated.
Gordienko, "Excitation-contraction coupling in gastrointestinal and other smooth muscles," Annual Review of Physiology, vol.
A key element in the development and progression of atherosclerotic lesions is the phenotype of vascular smooth muscle cells.
(5,28) The specific marker for smooth muscles is a-SMA, a cytoplasmic intermediate filament (29) that distinguishes smooth muscle tumors from fibrosarcoma, rhabdomyosarcoma, and peripheral nerve sheath tumors.
Several preclinical studies have suggested, that by targeting the specific serotonin receptors with selective agonist or antagonist not only improves the efficacy but also reduces time required for the therapeutic effect of antidepressants to appear.1 To explore the underlying mechanism of excessive nausea and vomiting produced by selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, we observed the effects of paroxetine on ileal smooth muscles of rabbits in vitro.
SAN DIEGO, Calif., May 21, 2015--Crucial bodily functions like heart rate, blood flow, breathing, and digestion are regulated by the neurovascular unit, comprising blood vessels and smooth muscles under the control of autonomic neurons.

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