Sleep disorder

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Related to Sleep disturbances: Sleep disorders
A disorder of sleep patterns which may be severe enough to interfere with a person’s normal physical, mental and emotional functioning

sleep disorder

Any condition that interferes with sleep, excluding environmental factors (such as noise, excess heat or cold, movement [as on a train, bus, or ship], travel through time zones, or change in altitude). The major classes of sleep disorders are dyssomnias (such as insomnia, hypersomnia, narcolepsy), parasomnias (such as sleepwalking, bruxism), and disruption of sleep patterns associated with medical illness (such as neurological, cerebrovascular, or endocrine disorders, infection, musculoskeletal disorders, or pulmonary disease). Other factors include poor sleep hygiene, effects of drugs or alcohol, and dietary changes. See: sleep hygiene

Patient care

The insomniac patient should be advised that he will eventually get as much sleep as needed and that part of the treatment schedule includes not going to bed until he feels sleepy. If the patient does not feel sleepy, he should stay up and do something pleasurable, such as read, work, or study. Other self-help measures include reduction of tension in one's lifestyle, establishing a regular sleep routine, and avoiding stimulants (such as coffee, tea, or cola) and strenuous exercise before bed. A warm bath just before going to bed relaxes tense muscles. Afternoon naps should be avoided. One should sleep in a quiet, clean, cool, dark environment. A snack or glass of warm milk before going to bed does no harm, but there is no evidence that this practice helps induce sleep.


Some drugs used to treat insomnia are less rapidly biotransformed in older adults than in the young. These drugs have been associated with delirium, increased risk of falls and hip fractures, sleepwalking, motor vehicle accidents, and excessive sedation in older adults.

Sleep disorder

Any condition that interferes with sleep. At least 84 have been identified, according to the American Sleep Disorders Association.
Mentioned in: Insomnia, Night Terrors

Patient discussion about Sleep disorder

Q. How to deal with sleeping problems? I wonder if anyone could help me. Here's the thing: I’ve been in school break for two months now and that means i usually go to bed at about 2 am, and I usually wake up with an alarm clock at 11 for breakfast then lunch immediately after breakfast. My problem is that I have problems sleeping, I usually stay an hour or two in bed trying to get some sleep.

A. My Dr. has me on Ambien cr,12.5 MG Tablets, and they work fine for me. I though i would see if they really worked about a month ago and did not take a pill before bed time, and i went right to sleep and slep for about 1 1/2 hrs and was awake the rest of the night, so i never fail to take a tablet every night when i lay down. Ask your dr. about this med.

Q. I go to sleep & use to wake up paralyzed in my sleep. I go to sleep & use to wake up paralyzed in my sleep. But not asleep, just laying there, eyes wide open paralyzed. I couldn't breath, I couldn't speak, move anything but my eyes. I could look around but I couldn't even breathe. This has happened a few times in my old house, once in my mother's house (she lived by the side of a graveyard), and then only once in my new house. What is it and what do you think is causing it?

A. I had the same problem but never at night...and it only happened during the day when I take nap. I will wake up and I can't move or talk, I can't open my eyes either. I've never been able to snap out of it though, I just have to lay there until I go back to sleep, and usually it doesn't happen when I wake up the next time. Needless to say I try NOT to take naps anymore, because it happens nearly every time.

Q. sleeping problems i"m waking up in the middle of the night and can't get back.

A. The first steps usually recommended are to improve sleep hygiene:
• Sleep only as much as you need to feel rested
• Keep a regular sleep schedule
• Avoid forcing sleep
• Exercise regularly for at least 20 minutes, preferably 4 to 5 hours before bedtime
• Avoid caffeinated beverages after lunch
• Avoid alcohol near bedtime: no "night cap"
• Avoid smoking, especially in the evening
• Do not go to bed hungry
• Adjust bedroom environment
• Deal with your worries before bedtime
These practices address many of the causes of sleep problems. However, sleep problems may result from many causes, so consulting a doctor may be wise.

Take care,

More discussions about Sleep disorder
References in periodicals archive ?
Animal and mechanistic studies on sleep disturbances in other neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Parkinson disease (PD), might give us insights into sleep disturbances in ALS.
In a data analysis designed to identify which particular disease factors correlated with sleep problems, SLE activity, and duration, the degree of the patient's functional disability, the severity of organ damage, pain severity, and depressed mood all were significantly associated with sleep disturbance.
The result of the study indicated a questionnaire in 5 dimensions including: sleep onset and continuity disorder, disorder in daytime functioning, sleep disturbance because of environmental factors, sleep disturbances as a result of cardiac diseases, and respiratory disorders during sleep.
The SMM is useful for this study of BCSs as sleep disturbances are often presented with other symptoms, such as depression, fatigue, and pain [12]; the SMM dimension of symptom experience takes this into consideration.
The research team calls for prompt diagnosis and treatment of sleep disturbances in people with HIV as one way to improve quality of life.
In one trial of 40 veterans with PTSD sleep disturbance, patients who were randomized to receive a nightly dose of prazosin--originally marketed as an antihypertensive agent--reported significant improvements in sleep quality and significant reductions in trauma nightmares, as well a better overall sense of well-being and improved daily functioning (Biol.
In the first trimester of pregnancy, sleep disturbances are primarily a consequence of altered hormones, she noted.
This sample reported high sleep disturbances and low sleep effectiveness with scores greater than the normative data reported by Verran and Snyder-Halpern (1990).
Sleep disturbances are a major sympton of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Many women report sleep disturbance resulting from weakened breathing muscles, pain, or being overweight.
This final stage can produce physical ailments such as sickness and infection along with psychological factors that include emotional and sleep disturbances.