Sleep disorder


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A disorder of sleep patterns which may be severe enough to interfere with a person’s normal physical, mental and emotional functioning

sleep disorder

Any condition that interferes with sleep, excluding environmental factors (such as noise, excess heat or cold, movement [as on a train, bus, or ship], travel through time zones, or change in altitude). The major classes of sleep disorders are dyssomnias (such as insomnia, hypersomnia, narcolepsy), parasomnias (such as sleepwalking, bruxism), and disruption of sleep patterns associated with medical illness (such as neurological, cerebrovascular, or endocrine disorders, infection, musculoskeletal disorders, or pulmonary disease). Other factors include poor sleep hygiene, effects of drugs or alcohol, and dietary changes. See: sleep hygiene

Patient care

The insomniac patient should be advised that he will eventually get as much sleep as needed and that part of the treatment schedule includes not going to bed until he feels sleepy. If the patient does not feel sleepy, he should stay up and do something pleasurable, such as read, work, or study. Other self-help measures include reduction of tension in one's lifestyle, establishing a regular sleep routine, and avoiding stimulants (such as coffee, tea, or cola) and strenuous exercise before bed. A warm bath just before going to bed relaxes tense muscles. Afternoon naps should be avoided. One should sleep in a quiet, clean, cool, dark environment. A snack or glass of warm milk before going to bed does no harm, but there is no evidence that this practice helps induce sleep.

CAUTION!

Some drugs used to treat insomnia are less rapidly biotransformed in older adults than in the young. These drugs have been associated with delirium, increased risk of falls and hip fractures, sleepwalking, motor vehicle accidents, and excessive sedation in older adults.

Sleep disorder

Any condition that interferes with sleep. At least 84 have been identified, according to the American Sleep Disorders Association.
Mentioned in: Insomnia, Night Terrors

Patient discussion about Sleep disorder

Q. How to deal with sleeping problems? I wonder if anyone could help me. Here's the thing: I’ve been in school break for two months now and that means i usually go to bed at about 2 am, and I usually wake up with an alarm clock at 11 for breakfast then lunch immediately after breakfast. My problem is that I have problems sleeping, I usually stay an hour or two in bed trying to get some sleep.

A. My Dr. has me on Ambien cr,12.5 MG Tablets, and they work fine for me. I though i would see if they really worked about a month ago and did not take a pill before bed time, and i went right to sleep and slep for about 1 1/2 hrs and was awake the rest of the night, so i never fail to take a tablet every night when i lay down. Ask your dr. about this med.

Q. I go to sleep & use to wake up paralyzed in my sleep. I go to sleep & use to wake up paralyzed in my sleep. But not asleep, just laying there, eyes wide open paralyzed. I couldn't breath, I couldn't speak, move anything but my eyes. I could look around but I couldn't even breathe. This has happened a few times in my old house, once in my mother's house (she lived by the side of a graveyard), and then only once in my new house. What is it and what do you think is causing it?

A. I had the same problem but never at night...and it only happened during the day when I take nap. I will wake up and I can't move or talk, I can't open my eyes either. I've never been able to snap out of it though, I just have to lay there until I go back to sleep, and usually it doesn't happen when I wake up the next time. Needless to say I try NOT to take naps anymore, because it happens nearly every time.

Q. sleeping problems i"m waking up in the middle of the night and can't get back.

A. The first steps usually recommended are to improve sleep hygiene:
• Sleep only as much as you need to feel rested
• Keep a regular sleep schedule
• Avoid forcing sleep
• Exercise regularly for at least 20 minutes, preferably 4 to 5 hours before bedtime
• Avoid caffeinated beverages after lunch
• Avoid alcohol near bedtime: no "night cap"
• Avoid smoking, especially in the evening
• Do not go to bed hungry
• Adjust bedroom environment
• Deal with your worries before bedtime
These practices address many of the causes of sleep problems. However, sleep problems may result from many causes, so consulting a doctor may be wise.

Take care,

More discussions about Sleep disorder
References in periodicals archive ?
Insomnia, an inability to get to sleep and stay asleep, affects 20 to 30 percent of the population at one time or another (mainly women), making it the most common sleep disorder.
He is board certified in neurology and sleep disorders medicine.
"We have a higher than average prevalence of diabetes in the UAE, which is why we start looking closely at the relationship between weight-related issues, diabetes and sleep disorders," he says.
(28) and Kobayashi and Mellman (29) investigated sleep quality in stressed individuals and found that acute stress would impair sleep quality and even engender sleep disorder which was statistically significant.
Sleep disorders in PD can be classified into two categories: disturbances of sleep and disturbances of wakefulness.
Diagnosis of insomnia in patients with a kidney disease is often challenging, as many present with symptoms of fatigue and sleepiness, which are commonly related to the progression of kidney disease and dialysis treatment, not necessarily a sleep disorder. Therefore, clinical assessment of insomnia in this population should not solely rely on one-off results from the questionnaire, but a combination of clinical history and a sleep diary to help in assessing and quantifying the severity of sleep-related symptoms (Pierratos & Hanly, 2011).
Females with RLS and any drivers with shift-work sleep disorder were more than twice as likely to perform unsafe maneuvers (AOR, 3.38 and 3.53, respectively; P less than .05).
Sleeping well is essential to good health, and yet only one-third of the people who suffer from sleep disorders seek professional help.
Factoring in age and other health related issues, the study determined that women with sleep disorders are 3.7 times more likely to experience infertility.
The 29th International conference on Sleep Disorders and Medicine will take place on July 16-17, 2018 in the city London, UK.
It is important to recognise the high number of undiagnosed sleep disorders, including OSA,' said study author Dr JoAnn Pinkerton.
So Mysliwiec and colleagues labeled what they saw as "trauma associated sleep disorder," or TSD.