abducens nerve

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abducens

 [ab-du´senz] (L.)
abducens nerve the sixth cranial nerve; it arises from the pons and supplies the lateral rectus muscle of the eyeball, allowing for motion. Paralysis of the nerve causes diplopia (double vision). See anatomic Table of Nerves in the Appendices.

ab·du·cent nerve [CN VI]

[TA]
a small motor nerve supplying the lateral rectus muscle of the eye; its origin is in the facial colliculus of the tegmentum of the pons just below the surface of the rhomboid fossa. It emerges from the brain in the fissure between the medulla oblongata and the posterior border of the pons (medullopontine sulcus); it enters the dura of the clivus and passes through the cavernous sinus, entering the orbit through the superior orbital fissure.
Synonym(s): nervus abducens [CN VI] [TA], abducens nerve ☆ , abducent (2) , sixth cranial nerve [CN VI]

abducens nerve

Etymology: L, abducere, to take away
either of the paired sixth cranial nerves. It arises in the pons near the fourth ventricle, leaves the brainstem between the medulla oblongata and pons, and passes through the cavernous sinus and the superior orbital fissure. It controls the lateral rectus muscle, turning the eye outward. Also called abducent, nervus abducens,sixth cranial nerve.
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Abducens nerve

abducens nerve

the cranial nerve of vertebrates that supplies the external rectus muscle of the eye (see EYE MUSCLE); it is mainly MOTOR in function.

abducens

[L.] drawing away.

abducens nerve
see abducent nerve, and Table 14.
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Key words Acute gastroenteritis; atypical manifestations; sixth nerve palsy; status epilepticus; vivax malaria
Based on the findings, the patient was diagnosed with sixth nerve palsy and 18 months after the trauma he underwent 6 mm recession of the right medial rectus muscle.
16) performed posterior fixation of the contralateral medial rectus in addition to the Hummelsheim procedure in 2 patients with sixth nerve palsy and reported favorable results with this combination.
Murray Early and late botulinum toxin treatment of acute sixth nerve palsy, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Ophthalmology 1989 Aug; 17(3):239-45.
Mohammed-Reza Taleb Nejad, Masoomeh Eghtedari Botulinum Toxin--a Injection in acute sixth nerve palsy.
Isolated bilateral sixth nerve palsy secondary to metastatic carcinoma: a case report with a review of the literature.
MS should be kept in mind as a rare etiology in children with isolated sixth nerve palsy and radiological investigations should be performed as soon as possible.
Key Words: Childhood, sixth nerve palsy, acute diplopia, multiple sclerosis
Evidence of causation demonstrated by both of the following: 1) headache has preceded paresis of the third, fourth and/or sixth nerves by [less than or equal to]2 weeks, or developed with it; 2) headache is localized around the ipsilateral brow and eye; and D.
The seventh and sixth nerves are the most commonly affected cranial nerves in MS, and involvement of the 3rd, 4th, 5th, 9th, 10th, and 12th cranial nerves may also be observed in association in some patients.