Ernst, German physician and psychiatrist, 1857-1931.
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(9) On the subject of jazz in black Canadian fiction, see Siemerling (2014); on jazz more widely in black women's writing, see Tucker (1993).
Indeed, Reingard Nischik's important early contributions to this nascent field, along with those of others such as Winfried Siemerling (2005, 2010) and Gillian Roberts (2013, 2015), lend early and important encouragement to other Canadianists and Americanists to seek out new insights in their respective national literatures by thematizing continentalist interests therein, but also those of their neighboring literature.
Box From Darwin to IEED, nomenclature has evolved over time Charles Darwin (5) was among the first to acknowledge the correlation between neurologic insult and dysregulated emotional expression, writing in 1872 that "certain brain disease, such as hemiplegia, brain-wasting, and senile decay, have a special tendency to induce weeping." In 1886, Oppenheim and Siemerling (6) proposed the terms "pseudobulbar affect" (PBA) and "pseudobulbar palsy" (a separate and distinct state that includes dyscontrol of facial muscles, resulting in dysarthria, dysphagia, and dysphonia) in their descriptions of patients with bilateral forebrain injury that appeared to mimic brainstem dysfunction.
Organizations such as Canada's National Council of Negro Women began lobbying for recognition of a period of the year honoring Black history, says Winfried Siemerling, a professor of English language and literature at the University of Waterloo.
The immediate aftermath has materialized in a number of critical volumes whose structural axes underline the importance of dialogue, cross-talk and transnational nurturing to study Canadian cultural manifestations vis-a-vis American or transcontinental paradigms of theory (see Dobson 2009; Siemerling and Phillips Casteel 2010; Brydon and Dvorak 2012), in such a way that this globalising system of "friction and flow", in Brydon and Dvorak's words, comes to query the presumed autonomy of literature and the nation.
Siemerling, Winfried, and Sarah Phillips Casteel, eds.
As Winfried Siemerling notes, "The novel defamiliarizes habitual perceptions of Toronto by superimposing a reconstructed and imagined new world.
Siemerling and Casteel take Canada as the reference point for their exploration of comparative hemispheric American literary studies, traversing time and space to do so.
Conforming to what Winfried Siemerling describes as a new trend of "North American perspectives that cross both national and linguistic boundaries" (13), both novels attest to a shared fate with the United States: They portray the attacks on New York as attacks on Montreal, and 9/11 as an assault on their own traditions and values.
There he worked alongside his assistants Moehli, Oppenheim, Wallenberg, Thompson and Siemerling, which led to successful collaborations over many years.
Of the articles that follow, the two that I would most recommend are Daniel Coleman's "From Canadian Trance to TransCanada: White Civility to Wry Civility in the CanLit Project" and Winfried Siemerling's "Trans-Scan: Globalization, Literary Hemispheric Studies, Citizenship as Project." Coleman's article offers a particularly probing and eloquent analysis of the sources of the anti-Americanism in Canadian discourse that I find so irritating.