However, Creative Biolabs just took a massive leap forward into the new era of this field, with unchallenged ability to achieve 100% accuracy in antibody sequencing by precisely distinguishing between leucine and isoleucine, based on the proprietary Database Assisted Shotgun Sequencing (DASS) technology.
Several molecular biology techniques were used to assess the characterization of the gut microbiome: denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), fluorescence in situ hybridization probes (FISH), metagenomics shotgun sequencing, and characterization of the 16S rRNA genes in a sample, and groups specific real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) are some of the assays.
More recently, the advent of next-generation sequencing platforms has allowed unbiased approaches to high-resolution characterization of complex microbial communities known as metagenomic shotgun sequencing (MSS).
RNA-Seq, also called whole transcriptome shotgun sequencing, uses next-generation sequencing (NGS) to reveal the presence and quantity of RNA in a biological sample at a given time, which is a more sensitive and accurate way to investigate genome-wide gene expression than microarray.
Craig Venter institute, lead to the first genome of a bacterium, (4,5) marking the first use of the shotgun sequencing approach that Venter and the Human Genome project would use to map the human genome.