sexually transmitted disease

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sexually transmitted disease

 (STD)
one that can be transmitted by means of sexual intercourse or by intimate contact with the genitals, mouth, or rectum. Called also venereal disease. Within this category are what are termed the five “classic venereal diseases” of gonorrhea, syphilis, chancroid, lymphogranuloma venereum, and granuloma inguinale, as well as chlamydia infections, genital herpes, nonspecific urethritis, trichomoniasis, pediculosis pubis, scabies, venereal warts, hepatitis b, molluscum contagiosum, and vaginitis caused by either Corynebacterium vaginale or Haemophilus vaginalis. While sexual transmission is the only important means of spreading some of these diseases, others such as hepatitis can also be acquired by nonsexual means.

sex·u·al·ly trans·mit·ted dis·ease (STD),

any contagious disease acquired during sexual contact (for example, syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid).
Synonym(s): venereal disease

sexually transmitted disease

n. Abbr. STD
Any of various diseases, including AIDS, chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis, that are usually contracted through sexual intercourse or other intimate sexual contact. Also called sexually transmitted infection.
Any infection or tumour acquired by direct genital and orogenital contact
Risk factors Multiple sexual partners, history of STD or sexual partner with STD; male sexual partners of women with cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN), cervical condylomas, condyloma acuminatum or variants of IN

sexually transmitted disease

Venereal disease Any infection or tumor acquired by direct genital and orogenital contact; most common STD agents in US: Chlamydia trachomatis 3-5 million; HSV-2, 2-3 million; N gonorrhoeae, 720,000/25,300 penicillin-resistant; T pallidum/2º syphilis, 40,117 STD agents-bacterial C trachomatis, Mycoplasma hominis, N gonorrhoeae, streptococcal spp, Ureaplasma urealyticum STD agents-Viral EBV, HBV, HIV-1, HIV-2, HPV, HSV Others Trichomonas vaginalis, pubic lice, scabies Sexually-transmitted neoplasms Intraepithelial neoplasia–IN, SCC of cervix, penis, and anus often arise in HPV infection; HPV 16 and 33 are implicated in penile IN; HPV 16 and 18 in CIN; HPV 6, 11 and 42 in condyloma acuminata
Sexually transmitted disease
Agent/disease Incidence  Prevalence
Chlamydia   3 million 2 million
Trichomoniasis 5 million N/A
HPV  5.5 million 20 million
PID 1,000,000
Gonorrhea  650,000  N/A
Herpes 1 million 45 million
Syphilis 70,000  N/A
Cong syphilis 3,400
AIDS 80,000
Hepatitis B  120,000  417,000
Chancroid 3,500
N/A Not available; new STD agents HPV–1976, HTLV-I & Mobiluncus spp–1980, Mycoplasma hominis–1981, HTLV-II–1982, HIV-1–1983, HIV-2–1986, HHV-8–1995 AMN 3/2/97, p13 www.intelihealth.com/IH/ihtIH/WSIHW000/ 8799/9154/360682.html?d=dmtContent

sex·u·al·ly trans·mit·ted dis·ease

(STD) (sek'shū-ă-lē tranz-mit'ĕd di-zēz')
Any contagious disease acquired through sexual contact (e.g., syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid, genital warts, AIDS).
Synonym(s): sexually transmitted infection, venereal disease.

Sexually transmitted disease (STD)

A disease that is passed from one person to another through sexual intercourse or other intimate sexual contact. Also called STD.

sex·u·al·ly trans·mit·ted dis·ease

(STD) (sek'shū-ă-lē tranz-mit'ĕd di-zēz')
Contagious disease acquired during sexual contact (e.g., syphilis, gonorrhea, chancroid).
Synonym(s): venereal disease, sexually transmitted infection.

Patient discussion about sexually transmitted disease

Q. SEXUALLY TRANSMITTED DISEASES how many types are there?

A. Gonorrhea, syphillis, Hepatitis B, Human Papilloma Virus, HIV, urethritis..
The rest of the list, I think lixurion had already shared you the link, just read on that link..

Q. Is hepatitis a sexually transmitted disease? I mean hepatitis B and C mainly…

A. yes, hepatitis B is an STD, while hepatitis C is less likely caused by sexual transmitted disease.
hepatitis C usually transmitted through drugs usage and blood transfusion

Q. Are cold sores contagious? My boyfriend has cold sores on his mouth. Can I catch it from him? If so, how can I prevent catching it?

A. Cold sores contain the HSV-1 virus, which is the herpes simplex virus . While your boyfriend has cold sores, he should wash his hands often, especially after touching his face. He shouldn't share cups and eating utensils with others since he is very contagious. You should not kiss him or touch the cold sores either, in order not to be infected.

More discussions about sexually transmitted disease
References in periodicals archive ?
"But the risk of acquiring a sexually-transmitted infection doesn't take an end-of-year break.
The men surveyed were more worried about cutting themselves on holiday rather than picking up a sexually-transmitted infection as only 15% took condoms.
Thousands of people in the North East have been screened for the sexually-transmitted infection chlamydia.
"Rates of sexually-transmitted infections (STIs) in the community as a whole will continue to grow and individuals will be increasingly likely to get an STI if they aren't using condoms.
Focus on Prevention, the Agency's annual report on HIV and sexually-transmitted infections, also shows HIV is now a greater threat to women.
Newcastle gum (Genito-Urinary Medicine) clinic has just launched a new website to help people understand sexually-transmitted infections.
Richard Pattman, consultant and head of service at the Newcastle GUM Clinic said: "The North East has a high rate of sexually-transmitted infections. As we're the only clinic of its kind for a very large area the service is under a lot of pressure.
It's a contradictory result when you remember that sex education in our schools was originally introduced as an attempt to reduce the numbers of teenage pregnancies and to limit the spread of sexually-transmitted infections. Last week's figures for the North East show this is a policy that is failing, and instead of producing a more responsible generation of sexually-aware teenagers, we have rates of teenage sexual infection that is now more than double the national average.

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