sex hormones


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Related to sex hormones: male sex hormones

sex

 [seks]
1. the fundamental distinction, found in most species of animals and plants, based on the type of gametes produced by the individual; also the category to which the individual fits on the basis of that criterion. Called also gender. See also gender identity and gender role.
2. to determine which of these categories an organism belongs in.
chromosomal sex the sex as determined by the presence of the XX (female) or the XY (male) genotype in somatic cells, without regard to phenotypic manifestations. Called also genetic sex.
endocrinologic sex the phenotypic manifestations of sex determined by endocrine influences, such as development of breasts and genital organs.
genetic sex chromosomal sex.
gonadal sex the sex as determined on the basis of the gonadal tissue present (ovarian or testicular).
sex hormones glandular secretions involved in the regulation of sexual functions. The principal sex hormone in the male is testosterone, produced by the testes. In the female the principal sex hormones are the estrogens and progesterone, produced by the ovaries. These hormones influence the secondary sex characters, such as the shape and contour of the body, the distribution of body hair, and the pitch of the voice. The male hormones stimulate production of spermatozoa in men, and the female hormones control ovulation, pregnancy, and the menstrual cycle in women.
morphological sex sex determined on the basis of the morphology of the external genitals.
nuclear sex the sex as determined on the basis of the presence or absence of sex chromatin in somatic cells, its presence normally indicating the XX (female) genotype, and its absence the XY (male) genotype.

sex hor·mones

a general term covering those steroid hormones that are formed by testicular, ovarian, and adrenocortical tissues, and that are androgens, estrogens or progestins.
Synonym(s): gonadal hormones

sex hor·mones

(seks hōr'mōnz)
A general term covering those steroid hormones that are formed by testicular, ovarian, and adrenocortical tissues, and that are androgens or estrogens.

sex hormones

HORMONES that bring about the development of bodily sexual characteristics and regulate sperm and egg production and the menstrual cycle. There are steroids of three main types-androgens (male), oestrogens (female) and PROGESTOGENS that prepare women for, and maintain, pregnancy.

sex hormones

hormones capable of stimulating the development of the reproductive organs and SECONDARY SEXUAL CHARACTERS in mammals. The hormones are ANDROGEN, OESTROGEN and PROGESTERONE.Sex hormones are secreted by the ovaries, testes, adrenal cortex and placenta. see OESTRUS CYCLE.

sex hor·mones

(seks hōr'mōnz)
General term covering those steroid hormones formed by testicular, ovarian, and adrenocortical tissues: androgens, estrogens, or progestins.
References in periodicals archive ?
This is the first evidence showing that sex hormone levels may have a role in explaining the observed gender difference in asthma prevalence, said the researchers.
Table 1 Effect of four mammalian sex hormones and their doses on percentage of regeneration capacity of callus.
Sex hormone binding globulin in the rat olfactory system.
Gapstur et al., "Sex hormones, sex hormone binding globulin, and abdominal aortic calcification in women and men in the multi-ethnic study of atherosclerosis (MESA)," Atherosclerosis, vol.
Fasting blood samples of the participants were analyzed for serum sex hormone binding globulin (SHBG), fasting plasma glucose (FPG), glycosylated hemoglobin (HbA1c) and fasting insulin levels.
Sex hormones, insulin resistance and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels in children.
Impact of Sex Hormones and Immunocytes Interaction.
Women who drank two and a half units of alcohol a day, equivalent to a medium-sized glass of wine, also had higher levels of sex hormones, as did those who smoked 15 cigarettes a day.
* SHBG is an important regulator of your testosterone and estrogen levels, responsible for distributing sex hormones throughout your body--yet few doctors test for it.
At baseline, the men underwent sleep studies and had hormones processed by mass spectrometry for sex hormones and chemiluminescence for sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG).
Twice weekly injections of the natural drug lead to long-term increases in levels of sex hormones that control the menstrual cycle, a study showed.
WHEN women go through the menopause there is a dramatic and measurable fall in their sex hormones, causing mood swings, cold sweats and hot flushes.