The provisions of the Seveso Directive and its amendments in 1996 (Seveso II
) and 2012 (Seveso III) are intended to implement consistent regulations reducing the likelihood and mitigating the consequences of major chemical accidents within the European Union (EU) [4,5].
Last but not least, from the importance and benefits of informing the individual Member States was on December 9th, 1996, a new Directive 96/82/EC accepted, known as the Seveso II
The European Union first laid such regulations down in its 1982 Seveso Directive, replaced in 1996 by Seveso II
, in turn giving way to Seveso III, which comes into force EU-wide on June 1, 2015.
- the environmental liability, mining waste and Seveso II
directives for civil liability for damage or accidents.
In 1996, the EU adopted the Seveso II
Directive on the control of
Present study was carried out keeping in view the situation of extensive chemical use, haphazard industrial development, non-existent of chemical disaster management infrastructure, plans and environmental and safety laws to identify the chemical disaster prone areas of the province Punjab, Pakistan.hazardous installation was based on Article 3 of the Seveso II
Directive (EC, 1996).
, and legislation that facilitates voluntary decisions to establish an environmental management system from the technical, organizational and administrative points of view, e.g.
The first, the Control of Major-Accident Hazards, will broaden the Seveso II
directive taking into account recent major accidents within the EU since Seveso II
was introduced, as well as the results of studies on carcinogens and substances dangerous for the environment.
This accident initiated development of so called EC Seveso II
Directive (EC, 1996), internationally accepted rules for prevention of industrial accidents and limiting of their eventual consequences.
In the UK `major accident hazard' sites are covered by separate legislative and procedural arrangements from explosives storage (although there is some element of overlap), including provisions within the European Union Seveso II
or COMAH (Control of Major Accident Hazard) Directive.
At present, and possibly never, the government does not possess its own expertise to recognize major hazard risks on the ground or to properly evaluate, and if necessary challenge, operators' own safety reports coming under Seveso II
Article 9 or Seveso III Article 10.