Seven Countries study

A prospective long-term epidemiologic study conducted in Finland, Greece, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, US, and Yugoslavia, which examined the relationship of dietary fats in middle-aged men with coronary artery disease, and linked heart disease to increased saturated fats
Tracked risk factors Diet, blood pressure, weight, cigarette smoking, exercise habits, saturated and monounsaturated fats
Conclusions Death rates were related positively to average percentage of dietary energy from saturated fatty acids, negatively to dietary energy percentage from monounsaturated fatty acids, and were unrelated to dietary energy percentage from polyunsaturated fatty acids, proteins, carbohydrates, and alcohol

Seven Countries study

Cardiology A prospective 10-yr epidemiologic study which examined the relation of dietary fats in middle-aged ♂ with CAD, and linked CHD to ↑ saturated fats SCS tracked risk factors Diet, BP, weight, cigarette smoking, exercise habits
References in periodicals archive ?
Food intake patterns and 25-year mortality from coronary heart disease: cross-cultural correlations in the Seven Countries Study. The Seven Countries Study Research Group.
de Gaetano and his coinvestigators assessed adherence to the traditional Mediterranean diet using the Mediterranean Diet Score (MDS), a validated 0-9 scoring system developed as part of the famous Seven Countries Study pioneered by the late Ancel Keys.
In the 1970s, a wellknown Seven Countries study cited a diagnosis: High blood cholesterol significantly increases the risks of heart attack.
Simopoulos (8) discusses the findings of the Seven Countries Study with respect to the traditional diet of Crete and Greece at the time and gives an insight into the nutrient-rich diet there.
(Those trials and other controlled studies, not the 1950s Seven Countries Study that Teicholz dwells on, are the evidence that experts rely on.)
After his theory was rejected by a World Health Organization conference in 1954, Keys assembled the "Seven Countries Study," which "proved" his theory: In every one of the countries in the study, there was a direct relationship among saturated fat consumption, cholesterol levels, and heart disease.
The Mediterranean diet has been the subject of intensive research for more than 50 years, ever since Ancel Keys, Ph.D., a professor from the University of Minnesota, undertook his legendary, post-World War II Seven Countries Study, which examined the health outcomes of nearly 13,000 middle-aged men in the U.S., Japan, Italy, Greece, the Netherlands, Finland and what was then Yugoslavia (now broken up into seven countries, including Croatia and Serbia).
Whitney and Rolfes even tout (p 174) the Seven Countries Study of Ancel Keys, long exposed as a fraud that suppressed data.
The study that changed the way I think about the connection between diet and health was the Seven Countries Study, the twenty-year study that showed that men living in the Mediterranean region had the lowest incidence of heart disease and the longest life expectancy.
Ansel Keys, from Minnesota, carried out the Seven Countries Study, showing that the intake of monounsaturated fat was associated with lower plasma cholesterol levels and a lower risk of suffering different chronic conditions, especially cardiovascular diseases and certain kinds of cancer.
Ancel Keys reported on the landmark Seven Countries Study. But the mechanism of benefit has been unclear.