terpene

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terpene

 [ter´pēn]
any hydrocarbon of the formula C10H16.
Miller-Keane Encyclopedia and Dictionary of Medicine, Nursing, and Allied Health, Seventh Edition. © 2003 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier, Inc. All rights reserved.

ter·pene

(ter'pēn),
One of a class of hydrocarbons with an empiric formula of C10H16, occurring in essential oils and resins. Acyclic terpenes may be regarded as isomers and polymers of isoprene units; cyclic forms include menthane, bornane, and camphene. Terpenes containing 15, 20, 30, 40, etc., carbon atoms are called sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, triterpenes, tetraterpenes, etc.
Farlex Partner Medical Dictionary © Farlex 2012

ter·pene

(tĕr'pēn)
One of a class of hydrocarbons with an empiric formula of C10H16, occurring in essential oils and resins.
Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012

terpene

an unsaturated hydrocarbon of plant resins and oils.
Collins Dictionary of Biology, 3rd ed. © W. G. Hale, V. A. Saunders, J. P. Margham 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
The essential oils of plants from Costa Rica resemble the composition of the oil from Venezuelan origin, but differ from both Brazilian and Venezuelan essential oils by the presence of sesquiterpenoids of the guaiane carbon skeleton, some of them as prominent members: viridiflorol, globulol, and spathulenol.
The highest content of the components in volatile oil are sesquiterpenoids and monoterpene.
Guo et al., "New sesquiterpenoids and a diterpenoid from Alpinia oxyphylla," Molecules, vol.
In summary, six new caryophyllene sesquiterpenoids, punctaporonins N-S (1-6), and three known ones, 6-hydroxypunctaporonins B (7), A (8), and E (9), have been isolated from solid cultures of Cytospora sp.
The essential oil obtained from Psidium guajava consists of monoterpenes, monoterpenoids, sesquiterpenes, and sesquiterpenoids. Sesquiterpenes constitute the largest fraction, and monoterpenes and monoterpenoids constitute the smallest fraction.
The sesquiterpenoids caryophyllene (c18), viridiflorol (c24) and spathulenol (c22), together with the non-identified compounds NI6 (c25) and NI5 (c17), provided a small contribution to PC 1 and 2 (see Figure 1).
Patchouli oil, which contains several mono- and sesquiterpenoids, alkaloids, and flavonoids, is thought to possess significant anti-inflammatory and antioxidant qualities.
Zingiber officinale contains up to 3% of a fragrant essential oil, with sesquiterpenoids with zingiberene as the main components.
Structure-activity relationships of phytotoxic sesquiterpenoids from Canella winterana.