serotinous

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serotinous

(sĭ-rŏt′n-əs, sĕr′ə-tī′nəs)
adj.
1. Remaining on a tree after maturity and opening to release seeds only after exposure to certain conditions, especially heat from a fire. Used of the cones of gymnosperms.
2. Being a species having such cones: serotinous pines.

se·rot′i·ny (-rŏt′n-ē) n.
References in periodicals archive ?
Groom and Lamont (1997) proposed that strong serotiny in Hakea species was linked with significantly thicker and denser follicles than fruits of weakly serotinous species.
Whilst contentious, there is a convincing body of evidence that indicates granivory is a major driver of serotiny evolution.
Consequently, the correlation between thicker, denser follicles and strong serotiny may be explained by granivory pressure.
Clarke PJ, Knox KEJ and Butler D (2012) Fire, soil fertility and delayed seed release: a community analysis of the degree of serotiny. Evolutionary Ecology 27, 249-443.
Cone serotiny in jack pine ontogenetic position and environmental effects, Canad.
Serotiny, geography and fire in the pine barrens of New Jersey, Evolution 35: 101-123.
Cone serotiny of lodgepole pine near West Yellowstone, Montana.
Some seeds also survived in most crown fires, especially where serotiny was high, as pine seedlings were found in areas even [is greater than]200 m from the nearest severe-surface burn.
In areas of high serotiny, lodgepole pine recruitment may continue through the first decade following fire, as ~10-15 yr of cones may be available to supply seeds (Johnson and Fryer 1989).
with low variability in percent serotiny observed across short distances ([is less than]1 km) and large distances ([is greater than]10 km) and high variability over intermediate distances (1-10 km).
The prevalence of cone serotiny in many peninsular stands of sand pine underscores the historical role of periodic crown fires in maintaining these populations.