Under the assumptions of the seniority system
, professional skills rise coincident with the length of service inside the company (Tsuda, 1968; Koike, 1981; Sano, 1989).
The compromise bill allows challenges to seniority systems
adopted with a discriminatory purpose "when the seniority system
is adopted, when an individual becomes subject to the seniority system
, or when a person aggrieved is injuried by the application of the seniority system
or provision of the system." The compromise does not extend the general statute of limitations under Title VII, as had been proposed in several versions of this legislation.
District Court in California directed a verdict for the employer, holding that the requested reasonable accommodation interfered with the company's established seniority system
and, therefore, resulted in an undue hardship to the company and its nondisabled employees.
One group said they plan to put priority on retaining the seniority-based system but are reluctant to hike basic monthly wages every year, while the other group said they plan to run the wage system on the basis of the seniority system
and are ready to give employees higher biannual bonuses in a successful business year.
In any event, I think the seniority system
will eventually disappear and should disappear,'' Fukuda said.
Layoffs also would not be based on the seniority system
, and unionized employees who remain with the paper would receive a $10 weekly raise.
This practice belied their own rhetoric regarding the labour-management system such as the seniority system
Some of the changes that have occurred already include scrapping the old seniority system
with one that emphasizes political parties more, and replacing many staff members.
The fact that so many big hitters had agreed to meet again emphasised their unity in opposition to recommended changes soon to be considered by the Levy Board, principally those flagging the introduction of boards on rails and an integrated seniority system
"Until now, the emphasis was on how best to structure the working years, through life-time employment and the seniority system
, and the corporate family," said Mr Naoki Tanaka, head of the 21st Century Public Policy Research Centre, a think-tank set up by Japan's biggest business lobby, Keidanren.
Young people need to understand that only the seniority system
will help them in their turn.
The "bureaucractic or institutional" explanation also receives mixed support and contributes little to explaining why establishments adopt work/family programs: the existence of a human-resource department is significant, while job ladders and a seniority system